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18 terms

Daniels quizlet

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virus
A tiny nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.
host
An organism that provide a source of energy or a suitable enviroment for a virus or another or organism to live.
parasite
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the host.
bacteriophage
A virus that infects the bacteria
bacteria
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
cytoplasm
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the fluid, the cytoskeleton, and all of the organelles except the nucleus
ribosome
the process of breaking down food release its energy.
flagellum
long, whip-like structure that helps a cell to move
respiration
the process of braking down food to release its energy.
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells
asexual reproduction
The reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents.
conjugation
the process in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its genetic material to another unicellular organism
endospore
A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell
pasteurazation
a process of heating food to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing the taste of food
decomposer
an organism that breaks down chemicals from dead organisms and returns important materials to the soil and water
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from one organism to another
bacteria
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes