Terms in this set (46)
If your father (or grandfather) voted before January 1, 1896 then you were eligible to vote
Reading and interperating part of the U.S. Constitution in order to be eligible to vote
Paying a fee to vote
Jim Crow Laws
Segregated laws in public
to separate a group due to race, color, religion, or gender
Ku Klux Klan
Terrorist group who sought to keep former slaves powerless and restore white democratic power
Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
Supreme Court ruling that stated "Separate but Equal" was constitutional
Northerners who traveled to the south to gain person fortune off the south's misery
Barbed wire fencing
used to keep stampeding buffalo out or domestic animals in due to the lack of wood in the western area
Rail line that linked the Atlantic and Pacific costs. Mostly built by Chinese and Irish Immigrants.
Trade on a large scale through numerous states
Area between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains
Why did immigrants settle in the city?
Came from Southern and Eastern Europe, Mostly Catholic or Jewish
Irish immigrants were discriminated against due to their
First stop in America for most European immigrants
Limits the amount of people coming into the United States
The birth and growth of businesses that make and distribute products through the use of machinery
Cheap, rundown, unsanitary apartments
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
Occurred in NYC on March 25, 1911 killing 146 mostly women and children
Privately owned businesses that are free to
compete with one another. Citizens decide what to produce, how much, and what price to charge.
groups of workers that negotiate with company owners to gain better wages and working conditions.
The production of large amounts of standardized products on production lines.
Business or robber barrons who used unethical methods to gain their fortune or run their business
Sherman Antitrust Act
Law that regulated trusts
Direct (Primary) election
Election in which voters, rather than party bosses or political machines, choose candidates
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
Policy by which stronger nations take control of weaker territories
Sphere of Influence
was an area, usually around a seaport, where a nation had special trading privileges
Open Door Policy
(1899) This stated that all nations should have equal trading rights regardless of spheres of influence.
having little to do with the political affairs of other nations
U.S policy that permitted the US to intervene in Latin America
US built route through Panama connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
style of journalism that exaggerates and sensationalizes the news
Business owned by investors who bought stockin the company
company that controls all or nearly all the business of an industry.
A legal body created to hold stock in many companies. Group of corporations run by a single board of directors.
Law of Supply and Demand
the claim that the price of any good adjusts to bring the quantity supplied and the quantity demanded for that good into balance
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Open to only independent craft or skilled workers
leader of the American Federation of Labor
noninterference by the government.
-wrote book "how the other half lives" and its pictures that shows how the less fortunate live (visual representation on how he sees things)
3 Goals of Progressives
1) reform government and expand democracy (political) 2) create economic reform (economic) 3) promote social welfare (social)
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
reporter who exposed illegal actions committed by the Standard Oil Company.