AP Government Ch3 Vocab
Terms in this set (26)
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people.
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government
The workings of the federal system; the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local governments.
Makes constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws as long as national government is acting within its constitutional limits
"The powers not delegated to the US by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively or to the people"
McCulloch v. Maryland
(1819) Supreme Court decision: established supremacy of national government over state governments
Powers of federal government specifically addressed in constitution i.e. Coin money, regulate value, impose taxes.
Powers of federal government that go beyond those in the constitution.
Congress has the power to "make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution"
Authorizes congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out enumerated powers
Gibbons v. Ogden
(1824) Supreme Court case where the constitution was interpreted as giving congress the power to regulate interstate commerce as encompassing virtually every form of commercial activity
Full faith and credit
A clause in article IV of constitution requiring each state to recognize the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of all other states
A legal process whereby a state surrenders a person charged with a crime to the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed
Privileges and immunities
The provision of the constitution according citizens of each state the privileges of citizens of other states
System of government where both states and national government remain supreme in their own spheres
System of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government
Transferring responsibility for policies from federal government to state government
Pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system. Cornerstone of national governments relations with state and local governments.
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes of state and local spending; come with strings attatched
Is a categorical grant given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications
Federal categorical grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations.
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services.
Prohibits federal courts, state courts or federal administrative agencies from hearing cases where a private party names a state as a defendant unless state gives consent.
requirements that direct states or local governments to provide additional services under threat of penalties or as a condition of receipt of a federal grant
using federal dollars in one program to influence state and local policy in another ie drinking age and highways
when a condition on one federal grant is extended to all activities supported by federal funds, regardless of their source
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