Honors History Chapter 25

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What is the relationship between the Agricultural Revolution and the Industrial Revolution?
THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION PAVED THE WAY FOR THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION THROUGH POPULATION GROWTH, INCREASED FOOD SUPPLY, FARMERS LOSING THEIR LAND AND BEING UNEMPLOYED
What is the relationship between the Agricultural Revolution and the Industrial Revolution?
MANY SMALL FARMERS BECAME TENANT FARMERS, OR MOVED TO CITIES, ENCLOSURES BECAME LANDMARKS OF THE WEALTHY, AND LANDOWNERS EXPERIMENTED WITH NEW AGRICULTURAL METHODS.
What is crop rotation, and how did it increase food production in Britain?
ROTATING DIFFERENT CROPS IN THE SAME FIELD, NUTRIENTS ARE REPLACED (INCREASED) IN THE SOIL.
What was the first area of production to undergo industrialization?
TEXTILE PRODUCTION
What three factors of Britain's economy positively affected the process of industrialization?
BRITAIN'S HIGHLY DEVELOPED BANKING SYSTEM, THE AVAILABILITY OF LOANS, AND A CLIMATE OF PROGRESS.
Name the three factors required for production.
LAND, LABOR, CAPITAL
What was the major cause of urbanization that occurred in Europe during the 19th century?
INDUSTRIALIZATION
How did technology impact industry during the Industrial Revolution?
THE PRODUCTION OF GOODS WAS INCREASED.
How did the steam engine impact British production?
IT LAUNCHED THE RAILWAY AGE THAT BROUGHT THE TRANSPORTATION OF PEOPLE AND MATERIALS TO A NEW LEVEL.
How did Britain benefit from the advent of railways and locomotives?
IT OFFERED A CHEAP FORM OF TRANSPORTATION FOR MATERIALS AND GOODS.
What is an entrepreneur?
A TYPE OF BUSINESS PERSON WHO TAKES FINANCIAL RISKS
How did the War of 1812 impact industrialization in the U.S.?
BRITAIN'S BLOCKADE ISOLATED THE U.S. FROM EUROPE, LEADING THE U.S. TO INDUSTRIALIZE ON ITS OWN.
Why was Europe's economy negatively impacted by the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars?
TRADE WAS HALTED, COMMUNICATION WAS INTERRUPTED, AND IT CAUSED A RISE IN INFLATION IN SOME PARTS OF EUROPE.
Why was the average lifespan of the urban working-class low during the Industrial Revolution?
ILLNESS CAUSED BY UNHEALTHY LIVING CONDITIONS LED TO A DECREASE IN AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY.
How did the Industrial Revolution impact cities?
IT MADE THE POPULATION GROW FASTER THAN THE HOUSING SUPPLY.
What are the positive and negative effects of industrialization?
CONSIDER: LIVING CONDITIONS, PRESERVATION OF THE ENVIRONMENT, AFFORDABILITY OF CONSUMER GOODS, PEOPLE'S DIET, AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY, QUALITY OF PRODUCTS, TRANSPORTATION, LENGTH OF THE WORK DAY, SIZE OF THE MIDDLE CLASS, AND URBANIZATION.
What two groups "looked down" on the newly wealthy members of the middle class? Why did this happen?
LARGE LANDOWNERS AND ARISTOCRATS
How did the new middle class change British society?
SOME MEMBERS OF THE MIDDLE CLASS ACHIEVED TOP POSITIONS IN SOCIETY.
What was the driving force of imperialism in many countries?
WORLDWIDE INDUSTRIALIZATION
What is laissez-faire policy and why is it associated with capitalism and the free-market system?
A POLICY THAT LETS OWNERS OF INDUSTRY SET WORKING CONDITIONS WITHOUT GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE. THE REFUSAL TO INTERFERE IN EITHER DOMESTIC OR INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC MATTERS.
What was the major long term effect of Marx and Engels The Communist Manifesto?
IN THE 1900S, MARXISM SPARKED REVOLUTIONS, LIKE THE ONE IN RUSSIA AND PROMPTED THE RISE OF WORKER RIGHTS MOVEMENTS IN CAPITALIST COUNTRIES (LABOR UNIONS).
How are socialism and communism similar to and different from one another?
COMMUNISM IS A FORM OF COMPLETE SOCIALISM IN WHICH THE PEOPLE OWN ALL PRODUCTION AND PROPERTY. COMMUNISM HAS AN EQUAL REDISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH, WHEREAS SOCIALISM IS BASED ON NEED.
What is collective bargaining?
NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYERS OF WAGES AND WORKING CONDITIONS.