79 terms

Vet Asst. II - Final - Small pets

FIAA access
Common poisoning seen in birds
lead (mercury, zinc, rat poison, teflon...also toxic; Chocolate,Apple seeds, Avocado,Onions, Alcohol,Caffeine,Dried beans)
What do water birds eat
insects, spiders, tadpoles and small fish
What do garden birds eat
seeds, worms, plants, berries, nuts (meat, flower nectar, tree sap, buds of trees, shrubs and suet)
What do birds of prey eat
rodents, birds, rabbits, fish, insects, and snakes
IM injections are done where on birds
pectoral muscles (and thigh musculature, and less commonly along the vertebrae)
What are the differences in the reproduction system of birds
most female birds have one functional ovary (on the left). Males have a phallus instead of a penis (a rudimentary fold of tissue, they do have two testis)
two forms of Avian Pox
Moist (Cutaneous) and Wet
Avian Aspergillosis
soil fungus which causes respiratory disease in birds (mainly captive birds)
socialization process where an individual animal learns to identify itself with a species
feather mites
bury into and feed on the feather quill
West Nile Virus
noncontagious CNS disease (virus that causes encephalitis, transmitted by mosquito bite to humans, birds, horses)
Ferret life span
5-8 years (12 max)
Ferret sexual maturity
4-8 months
Ferret gestation period
41-42 days
Adult male ferrets
Intact female ferrets
Spayed female ferrets
Juvenile ferrets
ferrets are used for
hunting, research, pets
Ferret protein requirements
Rabbit lifespan
5-7 years (15 max)
Rabbit sexual maturity
3-8 months
Rabbit gestation period
31-32 days
Adult male rabbit
Female rabbit
Neonate rabbits
Rabbits raised for food
Rabbit (and chinchilla) skeletal difference
no fibula
abnormal contact between the upper and lower teeth (common in guinea pigs and rabbits)
parturition in rabbits (and can rebreed within 24hrs of parturition)
rabbits are used for
fur, food, research, pets
cannot vomit
rabbits, rats, chinchilla, Guinea pig
Guinea pig lifespan
5-7 years
Guinea Pig sexual maturity
45-70 days
Guinea Pig gestation
63-68 days
Guinea Pig cannot synthesize
vitamin c (they must receive vit c supplements)
guinea pigs cannot have this Rx
Mouse lifespan
1-3 years
Mouse sexual maturity
35 days
Mouse gestation
19-21 days
Rat lifespan
2-4 years
Rat sexual maturity
37-67 days
Rat gestation
21-23 days
Gerbil lifespan
3-7 years
Gerbil sexual maturity
70-84 days
Gerbil gestation
24-26 days
Hamster lifespan
18-24 months
Hamster sexual maturity
45-75 days
Hamster gestation
15 days
Chinchilla lifespan
10-12 years (max 22yrs)
Chinchilla sexual maturity
3-4 months
Chinchilla gestation
110-138 days
Chinchilla bath
dust bath (or sand, Chinchillas do not bathe in water because the dense fur prevents air-drying, retaining moisture close to the skin, which can cause fungus growth or fur rot)
Hedgehog lifespan
4-7 years
Hedgehog gestation
35 days
Hedgehogs are a powerful form of
pest control
To unroll your hedgehog
gently bounce them on the palm of your hand
sugar glider lifespan
4-6 years
Sugar Glider gestation
15-17 days, 60-70 days in the pouch (the crawls into a mother's pouch for further development)
sugar glider new born
sugar glider litter
1-2 joeys
most popular small mammal
gerbils are also called
desert rats (or sand rats)
research animals
rabbits and ferrets (rat, mouse, hamster, gerbil, & guinea pig)
time between each guinea pig pup
5 minutes
medication used for mites
Ivermectin (effective against most worms, not tapeworm, most mites and some lice)
fungal infection (that dogs, cats, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rodents, rabbits, and birds may get)
small mammal bedding
shredded (or shaved) pine (and cedar--Cedar should not be used with chinchillas, gerbils, and hamsters, as it can be toxic to them. Bedding should be nontoxic, inedible, dust free, soft, absorbent, and capable of being formed into nests or tunnels. )
air-breathing animals (characterized by hair and/or fur, whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain)
mammals with a pouch to carry young (called the marsupium)
Avian (Aves)
birds (winged, bipedal, endothermic or warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrate animals)
mammals with continuously growing incisors (in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing)
cold-blooded (ectothermic) animals that change from a (juvenile) water-breathing form to an (adult) air-breathing form (or to a paedomorph that retains some juvenile characteristics)
cold blooded animals covered in scales (and/or scutes that lay shelled eggs.)
Reptile diet
Most are carnivores (but some are omnivores, insectivores or herbivores, depending on the species)
Reptile vivarium temperature
average d/n 86F/68F (varies between species, temperature should vary thru out the vivarium)
Birds are the only vertebrate animals to have
a keeled breastbone (keel or sternum) and fused collarbone (wishbone or furcula)
turtle cages should measure
5x the length of the animal
Metabolic Bone Disease
(in most reptiles) improper calcium to phophorus ratio, vit D deficiency (In cows it's a vitamin B deficiency caused by inadequate intake of meats or fish)