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Common poisoning seen in birds
lead (mercury, zinc, rat poison, teflon...also toxic; Chocolate,Apple seeds, Avocado,Onions, Alcohol,Caffeine,Dried beans)
What do garden birds eat
seeds, worms, plants, berries, nuts (meat, flower nectar, tree sap, buds of trees, shrubs and suet)
IM injections are done where on birds
pectoral muscles (and thigh musculature, and less commonly along the vertebrae)
What are the differences in the reproduction system of birds
most female birds have one functional ovary (on the left). Males have a phallus instead of a penis (a rudimentary fold of tissue, they do have two testis)
socialization process where an individual animal learns to identify itself with a species
West Nile Virus
noncontagious CNS disease (virus that causes encephalitis, transmitted by mosquito bite to humans, birds, horses)
dust bath (or sand, Chinchillas do not bathe in water because the dense fur prevents air-drying, retaining moisture close to the skin, which can cause fungus growth or fur rot)
Sugar Glider gestation
15-17 days, 60-70 days in the pouch (the crawls into a mother's pouch for further development)
medication used for mites
Ivermectin (effective against most worms, not tapeworm, most mites and some lice)
fungal infection (that dogs, cats, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rodents, rabbits, and birds may get)
small mammal bedding
shredded (or shaved) pine (and cedar--Cedar should not be used with chinchillas, gerbils, and hamsters, as it can be toxic to them. Bedding should be nontoxic, inedible, dust free, soft, absorbent, and capable of being formed into nests or tunnels. )
air-breathing animals (characterized by hair and/or fur, whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain)
mammals with continuously growing incisors (in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing)
cold-blooded (ectothermic) animals that change from a (juvenile) water-breathing form to an (adult) air-breathing form (or to a paedomorph that retains some juvenile characteristics)
Most are carnivores (but some are omnivores, insectivores or herbivores, depending on the species)
Reptile vivarium temperature
average d/n 86F/68F (varies between species, temperature should vary thru out the vivarium)
Birds are the only vertebrate animals to have
a keeled breastbone (keel or sternum) and fused collarbone (wishbone or furcula)
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