34 terms

Old World History and Geography Test 9 Chapter 10 and zones on page 337

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Balkan
the peninsula Greece is located on
Homer
the blind bard who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
Aesop
most famous writer of fables in the world
Socrates
asked the question "What is the best way to live?"
acropolis
means "upper city"; the high hills that the ancient Greeks built their cities around that became the center of the city.
agora
marketplace
theater
usually the largest gathering place in the city
gymnasium
important place in every Greek city where young men spent many hours each day practicing their favorite sports.
Zeus, king of the Greek gods.
the Greek god honored by the Olympics
stadium
a long racing track, straight at one end and rounded at the other
democracy
the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active part in the government of the country
people and rule
The word "democracy" comes from the two Greek words that mean ____________.
phalanx
a large group of foot soldiers who were armed with shields and with spears that were fourteen feet long.
Philip
__________ had many plans. After he conquered Greece.
Daniel (Dan. 8:5-7, 21)
_____________ wrote in his prophecy about Alexander.
Alexander
____________________ built many cities in lands he had conquered, naming sixteen of these cities after himself.
Alexandria
the name of the sixteen cities named after Alexander.
Egypt
The Alexandria built in __________ became the most important city in the world for the period of time that Alexander was King of Asia.
338 B.C.
By ___________, Philip had conquered most of Greece.
334B.C.
King Alexander began his invasion of the Middle East in __________.
776 B.C.
when the first Olympic games took place.
bard
singing poet
city-state
The country is made up of independent cities. Each city has its own government that ruled the people in the surrounding villages as well. This kind of government is called a _____________.
Athens
greatest cultural center of ancient Greece
Alexander the Great
Although Macedonia was small and unimportnat tot he Greeks, it was to have a king who would become one of the greatest generals in all history -- __________________________.
Olympia
where the first Olympic games took place.
Sparta
was the first city-state to become powerful in Greece
Gulf of Corinth
the body of water that cuts Greece almost in half
Sparta (rules of city)
philosopher and foreigners not welcome here
helots
The Spartan soldiers often conquered other Greek people outside their own city-state. These people were called ________. The ________ grew the food and did all the other work for the people of Sparta, who only trained for war.
Daniel
Which book of the Bible prophesied Alexander's powerful reign and short life?
India
How far east did Alexander's empire extend?
Greek. Some Greek words, such as music, poetry, democracy, atom, philosophy, and biology, have become part of the English language.
What became the most important language during this time period and why was it important?
study zones page 337
study zones page 337