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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 16 - Lesson 1 - Rebuilding the Nation
Terms in this set (37)
1) Preparing for Reunion
President Lincoln and Congress
did not agree about how to bring
the Union back together
What was known as Reconstruction?
President of the United States who wanted to make it easy for the southern states to rejoin the Union. His goal was to bind up the wounds of war as quickly as possible
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a southern state to form a new government after 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
What provisions would be made for people who had been freed from slavery?
Homeless refugees—both African American and white, needed food, shelter, and work.
What was the goal of Lincoln's
plan for Reconstruction?
to bind the wounds of war as quickly as possible
is a group pardon
What did Lincoln propose
in his Ten Percent Plan?
A former Confederate state could rejoin the Union if 10 percent of its voters swore loyalty to the U.S., organized a state government, and declared an end to slavery.
He also offered amnesty to all Confederates who swore a loyalty oath, except top leaders
What did the Wade-Davis Bill
Half of the voters in each state
had to swear loyalty to the Union; no Confederate volunteer could vote or hold office
Supporters of a strict policy toward the South
not forced; done of one's own
What did the President and Congress each want to accomplish?
The President hoped to win the loyalty of influential southerners to the Republican Party; Congress wanted to prevent former Confederate leaders from regaining power
Destruction in the South
Parts of Richmond, capital of the
Confederacy, lay in ruins at war's
How did Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction differ from that of the Radical Republicans in Congress?
His plan made it easier for
southerners to rejoin the Union and offered amnesty to some former Confederates
What do you think would be the most urgent need of the people of Richmond?
to rebuild homes, shops, and other buildings
2) The Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau
provided education and
economic help to freed slaves
and poor whites.
enslaved people who had been freed by the war
How do you know that education
was very important to newly freed slaves?
They traveled long distances to
Do you think Radical Republicans would support President Johnson?
Yes, because they thought he would take a hard line on Reconstruction
daughter of freed slaves, taught at a Freedmen's Bureau school in
to decide; to solve
How did the Freedmen's Bureau help freedmen?
to find jobs and resolved disputes between whites and blacks
What was the Freedmen's Bureau?
It was a government agency
to provide emergency relief and to establish schools, particularly for freedmen
3) Lincoln Is Murdered
assassination ended the chance
of a lenient Reconstruction.
John Wilkes Booth
a Confederate sympathizer, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington
Who was Lincoln's successor?
Vice President Andrew Johnson of Tennessee
southern Democrat who had remained loyal to the Union
Why did many people expect Johnson to take a hard
line on Reconstruction?
Johnson expressed bitterness toward the Confederates
How did the Civil War
affect the North? How did the
war affect the South?
The North had little destruction; the South was in ruins
Why did the South have greater difficulty than the North in recovering from the Civil War?
Because of the vast destruction, the South had fewer resources to work with
How did Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction differ from the Wade-Davis Bill?
Lincoln's plan was more lenient. It
required that only 10 percent of voters swear an oath of loyalty to the United States and offered amnesty to Confederate fighters and supporters, except for
The Wade-Davis Bill required 50 percent of a state's voters to swear loyalty to the Union and denied political rights to anyone who volunteered to fight for the Confederacy
What problems do you see for reuniting the nation in each plan?
Lincoln's plan might make it easier for former Confederates to regain control of the state governments; Congress's plan might cause resentment.
What did the bureau propose to do to help the freedmen?
It tried to find them jobs
What did former Confederates
have to do to get amnesty under
Lincoln's plan to rebuild the
In order to get amnesty under Lincoln's plan, they had to take the loyalty oath to the U.S.
Who were the freedmen?
The freedmen were enslaved people who had been freed as
a result of the Civil War
How did the government try to
solve key problems facing the
nation after the Civil War?
- The government developed a plan for Reconstruction
- The government set up the Freedmen's Bureau to try to solve postwar problems
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