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art study guide
Terms in this set (41)
in western culture, usually referred to as high art to denote that these works of are art are of exceptional quality
refers to mass-produced objects and images for mass consumption
includes woodworking, ceramics, glassmaking, jewelry making, knitting, ect. Utilitarian
term that refers to the type of art based on its subject matter
is a form of representational art that focuses on people, including portraiture, and may range from figure drawing, art studies of human anatomy for the purpose of instruction and practice, to portraits which reveal the character of the sitter.
is an arranged array of inanimate objects used as the subject of a work of art.
depict either transitory objects like flowers and insects or symbolic objects like hourglasses, skulls, and weighing scales to act as visual reminders to the viewer that life is short and to look to the salvation of a spiritual afterlife
uses the land as the subject of a work of art.
may or may not have an object as its subject. simplified or distorted object. May seek to create a wholly new expression of its subject.
artwork that has no physical object as its subject and is also known as non-representational.
depicts recognizable imagery. Opposite of abstract art
study of art meant to introduce the student to artworks themselves through developing and understanding of formal content of art and process as well as themes in art
area of academic study that emphasizes understanding the historical or social relevance of a work of art.
1511-74 Florence. Lives of the artists
Johann Joachim Winckelmann
1717-68 German writer who wrote about and studied classical art. "reflections on the imitation of Greek art in painting and sculpture"
when an art historian determines the artists of a work of art.
describes the fixed internal components of a work of art. the unchanging elements such as the structure of the work of art or the depiction in the artwork.
is the situation that surrounds the creation and reception of a work of art. This includes the social and political situation at the time of the art
is a process through which art historians come to understand a work of art using both content and context to determine meaning, as well as subtext.
the record of ownership for a work of art. The pedigree, or lineage, of a work of art extending from the original artist to the present owner
a person who provides financial support for an artist or who commissions a work of art.
when a contract is made between an artist and patron for the completion of a work of art.
formal artist training
consists of completing a formal course of study with set requirements and a specified goal. Local college or university. Art academy
informal artist training
art instruction not learned as part of a formal educational program.
refers to the production of art by anyone outside of the mainstream art world. Also used to describe artwork made by incarcerated individuals.
means "raw art" in French. describes works of art made by outsiders to the art establishment, but especially art produced by the mentally ill.
unlike outsider art and art brut, folk art relies on the incorporation of traditional forms and images into the art. generally craft-based and utilitarian
cabinet of curiosities
Also known as "studiolo" in Italy. "little study". typically comprising a small, windowless room whose location in the palace was often secret, the walls of a studiolo housed cupboards whose contents symbolized the order of the cosmos.
"art" in German
wonder or miracle
a chamber or room
board of trustees
usually provide a significant amount of financial support for a museum. Have a real stake in the way the museum is run.
top of the art museum hierarchy. Takes years and years of hard work, an advanced degree in art history, publication of texts on art, and a strong record of overseeing important art exhibitions.
oversee the actual collection of objects in a museum. Arrange exhibitions, negotiate the loan of artworks from other collections, and often write the texts to accompany those exhibitions
registrars and collections managers
responsible for maintaining the condition of the museum's collection and art on loan from other institutions. catalogue works. Keep inventory of all artwork.
oversee installations of artworks for exhibition. may construct pedestals for display, build false walls, arrange lights and even fabricate wooden shipping crates for artwork.
people who work for the museum on special assignments or for a limited amount of time in order to gain experience in the field.
volunteers from the community who may or may not have an art or art history background. Their main duty is to provide museum tours for patrons and visiting school children.
stresses halting the deterioration of a cultural artifact such as a work of art, and includes cleaning a work of art and treating it to stop further deterioration.
when an art of work is returned to what is believed to be its original condition, usually through the re-addition of missing pieces for sculpture, or inpainting in the missing sections of paintings.
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