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61 terms

Final exam Black mod, Kaplan Allied Health

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What are advanced directives?
A statement of a persons wishes for medical decisions prior to a critical event
What is buccal route?
within the cheek
What are associations?
links between familiar items and items to be remembered
What does HIPAA stand for?
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
What did HIPAA do?
ensures the privacy of patients records without creating problems transfering information between health professionals, which might harm the quality of care
What type of test assesses your ability to remember the meaning of a word?
vocabulary
a set of procedures recognized by thr CDC to reduce the chance of transmitting infectous microorganisms in any health care setting ex: wash hands, dispose of needles
standard precaution
what are pathogens?
disease-producing microorganisms
what is self determination act?
gave all hospitalized patients the right to make health care decisions on admission to the hospital
piercing mucous membranes, or skin barrier, by injection.
Parenteral
What is drug indiosyncrasy?
unusual or abnormal reaction to a drug
What are the four elements that must be present for negligence to be proved?
duty
dereliction of duty
direct cause
damage
What are mind body interventions?
existence of a mind body connection and the ability of the mind to affect bodily functions and symptoms. ex: hypnosis, visual imagery, prayer, and mental healing
What is indirect transmission?
touching a contaminated object and then transfering it
Contact with a vector contaminated with a disease (food, counter tops, etc)
What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What is the highest level of infection control?
sterilization
What is standing order?
Drug ordered on regular bases, that is to be continued until further notice by DR.
What is PRN order?
order to administer drug as needed
short term stress
breathing becomes rapid and shallow, heart rate increases, muscles in the shoulders, forehead, and back of neck tighten, hands and feet become cold and sweaty
long term stress
suppresses the immune system by destroying white blood cells
suppressing WBC's production, thus diminishing the body's disease-fighting capabilities
the realease of fatty acid into the blood-stream that lead to
coronary atery disease, stroke, or heart attack.
associate key information to an easily remembered word or phrase
acronyms
Which act ensures that caregivers are immune from liability suit as long as you act in good faith, and in a manner that a reasonable and prudent person would in a simular situation?
Good Samaritan Act
The main reason for seeking medical care is called what?
Chief complaint
universal precautions rule
all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens
Process whereby drugs move throughout the body to achieve drug action?
pharmacokinetic
When should you place a needle in a sharps container?
After it has been used or contaminated
What does respondeat superior mean and explain?
"let the master answer"
employer is responsible for the acts of the employee, if such acts were performed within the scope of the employee's duties
Where can inactive records be stored?
In the facility, out of the way, such as the basement or attic
What are the three types of health records?
active
inactive
closed
What is the most crucial part of active listening during a lecture?
Taking notes
What is imagery?
an additional way to encode information .
What are two main filing systems and explain their difference?
Numeric ~ uses numbers
Alphabetic ~ uses letters
What are patients history forms?
forms to gather information from the patient before the visit
What type of standards must health records management adhere to?
certain legal, moral, and ethical standards
What is the difference between battery and assault?
Battery Any bodily contact without permission.
Assault The clear threat of injury to another.
What does MSDS stand for?
Material Safety Data Sheets
What are three phases of GAS (general adaption syndrome)?
alarm
resistance
exhaustion
What is a subjective test?
Essay
no single correct answer exist
What is malpractice?
a tort in which the patient is harmed by the actions of a health care worker
What law are healthcare professionals charged with when practicing medicine without a license?
criminal law
Waht is normal blood pressure?
120/80 or below
What is the dilution of bleach to water?
1:10
2oz bleach toper quart of tap water
What does dyspnea mean?
difficult or labored breathing
What does tachypnea mean?
respitory rate that is much faster than average
Where is carotid pulse found?
The pulse from the carotids may be felt on either side of the front of the neck just below the angle of the jaw
Where is radial pulse found?
on the wrist, just below the thumb
Where is femoral pulse found?
near the groin area
What are seven rights to proper drug administration?
1. Right drug 2. Right dose 3. Right time 4. Right Pt 5. Right route 6. Right technique 7. right documentation
Which govt organization was created to conduct and support basic applied clinical research and research training in various forms of complimentary and alternative medicine?
NCCAM
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
All healthcare facilities must post what type of notices in the waiting rooms?
Notice of Privacy Practices
What does PPE stand for?
Personal Protective Equipment
What are examples of PPE?
Gown
Booties
Gloves
Glasses
When do you need a disclosure to be signed by a patient to realese information?
When sharing information outside the covered entity requires autherization from the paitient
Which govt agency would you be able to get additional information on HIPPA?
No other
Ways to updat:
Reading news letters for the organization
websites
attending state meetings
attending professional meetings
What is the most frequent route of administration?
Orally
What is the concentration of bleach to water for disinfecting surfaces and instruments?
1:10
2oz bleach toper quart of tap water
What are NCCAM's five domains?
Alternative Medical systems
Biological based therapy
Manipulative and body based methods
Mind body interventions
Energie therapies
What are NCCAM's five principles?
Body has the ability to heal itself
health and healing are related to a harmony of mind, body and spirit
basin, good health practices build the foundation for healing
healing practices are individualized
people are responsible for their own healing
What are some examples of parenteral route?
IV, IM, SC
Examples of pharmacokinetic?
absorption
distribution
metabolism
excretion
Brain stores four kinds of imagery memory easily
pattern
pictures
rhyms
stories