Phlebotomy Supplies and Terminology

This contains terminology relevant to technique and supplies used to perform Phlebotomy
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taut
pulling the skin tight
ecchymosis
more severe type of hematoma
hematoma
collection of blood underneath the skin
hemolysis
breaking up or destruction of blood
fibrinolysis
breaking up of fibers
hemostasis
stoppage or cessation of blood
venous reflux/regurgitation
backflow of blood returning to the vein
petichiae
red rash brought on by having the tourniquet on too long or too tight
tourniquet
elastic device used to make the vein visible
syncope
fainting
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
basilic vein
vein located on the pinky side
cephalic vein
vein located on the thumbside
median cubital
vein found in the middle at the forearm most popular site
median
lower forearm (area used for PPD)
brachial
artery found at the forearm
radial
artery found at the thumb-side of the wrist
ulnar
artery found at the pinky-side of the wrist
hemo-concentration
accumulation of blood volume to a site
tortuous veins
twisted or crooked veins
sclerosed veins
crooked or damaged veins
rolling veins
veins that move away from their site
anchor (patient)
position where the patient makes a fist to support the bld drawing arm
Supine
lying flat on one's back
3-5 minutes
the time it takes to coagulate blood
2-4 inches
is the distance where one will take a part
making a fist
technique used to draw bld out of an arm
discontinued technique:
slapping the arms
hub
the base of a needle
plastic cover
covers the entire body of a needle
lumen
cut slant and cyclinder that aspirates bld
additive
substance or agent used to preserve or activate bld samples for proper processing
M.S.D.S.
material safety data sheet (form used to report or medical incident)
gauze
silk material used to wipe off the droplets of bld during venipuncture or used in a dressing of a wound
lancet
automatic or manual device used to puncture the great or ring finger for small bld samples
shaft
the length of the needle
Bio-hazardous Sharps container
a receptacle where cutting, piercing, lacerating instruments are discarded
Bio-hazardous Box
a receptacle used to discard supplies that become contaminated with bodily fluids and blood.
Centrifuge
instrument used to spin and separate blood or urine from its cellular components
Micro-centrifuge
instrument used to spin small blood samples and perform HCT
Reflectron
instrument used to evaluate blood cholesterol, which requires a reagent strip
Glucometer
instrument used to collect small blood sample to evaluate possible elevated blood sugar
GTT
glucose tolerance test
HLA
human leukocytic antigen
PST
plasma separator tube
SST
serum separator tube
HCG
human chorionicgonadotropin hormone
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
HCT
hematocrit
CBC
complete blood count
HGB
hemoglobin
Chol
Cholesterol
Serum
derived from plasma without the clotting factor
concentric circles, or circular technique
terms used to describe the cleaning of the venipuncture site from center outward
the great finger, ring finger, great toe, ear lobe, heel of an infant's foot
sites used for Dermal or Capillary Punctures
coagulation studies: APTT, PT, PTT
light blue
HCG, whole blood hematology, serology
red
HLA, DNA, Bld Culture, Paternityy
yellow
ESR/Westegren Test
black
plasma determination, ammonia levels, LFT
drk green
plasma determination, PST
light green
CBC ((complete blood count), WBC, RBC, PLT, ESR, Diff.
lavender
DNA, molecular testing
white
STAT Serum Chemistries
orange
nutritional determination, element tracing, toxicology studies, drug test
drk blue/royal blue
Blood donor screening, whole bld hematology
pink
lead determination
tan or brown
FBS, BAC, GTT
gray
Serum Chemistries, Panels, CMP, BMP, Chem 7, HIV, ELISA, Chol
speckled/marbled/redblk/mottled/tiger/corvac or gold
rubber covering of a evacuated tube
rubber stopper
hard more solid covered protecting the top of an evacuated tube
hemo-guard
protection used to set up a site or work area
drape
rack that tubes can be placed and worked with
tube rack
winged infusion set
another name for butterfly needle
vacutainer needle
another name for straight needle
inversion
term that describes the mixing of the additives and the blood sample within the evacuated tube
15 degree
the angle for drawing blood
5-10 degrees
the angle for drawing blood with a winged infusion set on the dorsal plexus
dorsal or metacarpal plexus
terms describing the back of the hand
thixotropic gel
gel-like substance found at the bottom of the speckled, gold and light green tube which allows separation of bld within the tubes
requisition
form or order of laboratory tests
micro-collection tubes
tubes used to collect small bld samples
Luer adapter
device that has a needle only on one side used to attach the needle holder to the winged infusion set
OSHA
occupational safety health administration
iodine use
is required to sanitize the venipuncture site when drawing blood from a gray tube for BAC (blood alcohol count)
following a blood draw a pt feels light headed and weak you should
have the patient lie down, perform vitals allowing rest time and only send them home if the feel ok
is swelling (inflammation) of a vein caused by a blood clot.
Thrombophlebitis