devices for the projection of still images (painted and/or drawn) on walls
devices for replicating or creating the illusion of continuous motion with painted or drawn images (continuity + innovation)
Thaumatrope (Greek: "magical turning")
Paper disc with string attached at opposite points so the string can be twisted around fingers
Phenakistoscope (Greek: "deceitful view")
Plate sized slotted disc with drawings around the edges. When plate was spun and you look through the slots in front of a mirror, the images look like they are, in fact, moving
Zoetrope (Greek: "live turning")
Cylinder that sat on a pedestal with a strip of drawings on the inner edges of the cylinder. When it spun on the pedestal and you look through the slots, the images appear to be moving
Cylinder with drawn images that you spin, lamp with shade directs light down onto the cylinder. Main difference: no more slots, can also stand back and see from a distance. Wind it up and it spins on its own
invention by Edison that recorded and played back sound
a motion picture camera invented by Edison. Used in the "Black Maria".
The "Black Maria"
First motion picture studio in the world. Building had to follow the position of the sun.
Device that was a small viewing that was only 3 or 4 feet tall. Edison had viewing parlors where people could watch film. Only one person could use at a time
Device that was a motion picture camera & projector. Invented by the Lumiere Brothers.
Coined by the Lumiere brothers: filmed real life events usually shot on location
one of the first motion picture projectors, invented by Edison
first type of movie theatre in America because they usually cost a nickel
The most basic unit in the visual or stylistic system of the film
A camera that takes a shot without moving
Assembling individual shots into continuity
Editing trick in which the film stops and restarts after the scene is slightly changed
Repeating an event
a close up shot that goes from medium, to close, back to medium
to cut from one type of shot to another (long to close up) OR to interupt the narrative of the film with shots from other scene (similar to cross cutting)
use of editing as a principle of style in narrative cinema i.e. cross cutting, continuity editing, insert shot
following an object with the camera
A sequence of shots assembled in such a way as to preserve the continuity of action from one shot to the next
going back and forth between shots that show two actions occurring at the same time but in different locations
black circle closes to end the scene
last minute rescue
each individual piece of film painted in order to show the illusion of color in a black and white film
Persistence of Vision Theory
eye retains an image for a short time after the source of that image is removed. eye creates an illusion of continuity after several images are passed implies that the eye has memory
wanted to determine if horses ever had all hooves off the ground while galloping. 12 cameras that horses set off allowed him to realize that still photography could basically slow down motion
wanted to analyze the flight of birds. created the photographic gun which was one device compared to Muybridge's twelve cameras developed chronophotographic camera which compiled all the images into one
believed cinema originated at the beginning of human civilization More wide ranged way of thinking about cinema
"myth of total cinema"
innate human desire to represent real life and preserve it forever. Bazin believed it would never be fulfilled
One device to take multiple sequential images adapted technology of the gun
compiled all still photographs from photographic gun into one image