43 terms

The American Republic Since 1877 Chapter 14

Chapter 14 key words, names, events, etc
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Armistice
a cease fire that ends military conflict
Conscription
A forced enlistment of citizens of a country to fight for their country.
Contraband
Prohibited Materials
Convoy
a group that travels with something
espionage
spying to acquire secret government information
Nationalism
Feeling of intense loyalty and devotion to a nation
Reparations
Payment for damages after a war
U-Boats
German submarines
Allied Forces
Britain, France Italy, Russia, USA
Balkans
a region in south eastern Europe where tension began rising in WWI
Bernard Baruch
Director of the War Industries Board
Bolsheviks
A communist group seeking control of the Russian government
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
Committee on Public Information
Responsible for maintaining support for the war
doughboys
American Soldiers
Wilson's 14 Points
Wilson plan for ending WWI
Franz Ferdinand
Arch Duke and heir to the Serbo-Austrian Empire. Assassinated by Bosnian terrorist in 1914
John J. Pershing
Commander of troops in Mexico and WWI
League of Nations
an association of nations organized to preserve peace and prevent future wars.
Liberty and Victory Bonds
Bonds sold to Americans that were really a loan to the government
National War Labor Board
A board that negotiated labor disputes that would disrupt the war.
No Man's Land
A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies along the Western Front during WW1
Selective Service
required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
Sussex Pledge
1916 Germans promised not to have any more surprise attacks on any ships
Treaty of Brest-Litsvok
Ended russian involvement in WWI
The Treaty of Versailles
the agreement ending WWI
Triple Alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
Victor Huerta
this man overthrew the duly elected government of Mexico in 1913.
Vladimir Lenin
Bolshevik leader who controlled Russia from 1917 to 1924
War Industries Board
had control over raw materials, production, prices, labor relations
Zimmerman Telegram
A telegram Germany sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
Self-Determination
the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government.
Propaganda
information designed to influence opinion
Triple Entente
a friendly understanding Britain, France, and Russia
Unrestricted Submarine warfare
a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning. (Germany)
Food Adminstration
Supervised agricultural production, promoted food conservation and rationing
Fuel Administration
Increased production of coal and oil; maintained conservation of fuel with such innovations as daylight savings time
Espionage Act of 1917
Established penalties and prison terms for anyone who gave aid to the enemy. This act also penalized disloyalty, giving false reports, or otherwise interfering with the war effort.
Sedition Act of 1918
Expanded the meaning of the Espionage Act to make illegal any public expression of opposition to the war. In practice, it
allowed officials to prosecute anyone who criticized
Schneck vs United States
The Supreme Court ruled that an individual's freedom of speech could be curbed when the words uttered constitute a "clear and present danger." The Court used as an example someone yelling "Fire!" in a crowded theater as a situation in
which freedom of speech would be superseded by the theater-goers' right to safety.
Trench Warfare
A type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
Red Scare
As strikes erupted across the United States in 1919, the fear that Communists, or "reds," as they were called, might seize power led to a nationwide panic
Palmer Raids
From late 1919 to the spring of 1920, Attorney General Palmer organized a series of raids on the headquarters of various radical organizations. Although evidence pointed to no single group as the bombers, Palmer's agents focused on foreign residents and immigrants