Ap Human Geography Unit 4 (group 2)
Terms in this set (32)
the portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A state that possesses more than one core or dominant region, be it economic, political, or cultural.
capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border, it confirms the states determination to maintain its presence in the region in contention.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
The different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions.
A government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
A government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
the process of reassigning representation based on population, after every census
A rule by which the design of new electoral boundaries, must where possible, create electoral districts which have a majority population of some group which is a national minority
An alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other without giving up either's autonomy or self-determination.
a venture involving 3 or more national states political economic or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
the use of violence by groups against civilians to achieve a political goal
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
a small neutral state between two rival powers
heartland theory/ halford mackinder
early 20th c. theory that claimed whichever state controlled the resource-rich "heartland" of Eastern Europe could eventually dominate the world. It would suggest that not the United Kingdom (an ocean-based empire), but Russia (which was becoming communist) would be in a position to achieve this dominance. "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island (Europe, Asia & Africa); who rules the World-Island controls the world."
rimland theory/ nicholas spykman
mid 20th c. theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia that would provide the base for world conquest.
organic theory/friedrich ratzel
The view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include all stages of life.
a policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a country aimed at a group of its nationals living in a neighboring country
the process of creating a government elected by the people
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
refers to the social movements for a particular group of people to separate from the dominant political institution under which they suffer
bring together parts of a country under one government (ex: Germany)
the political and military barrier that isolated Soviet-controlled countries of Eastern Europe after WWII
A political term that refers to a country which is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country.
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion.
To change from government or public ownership or control to private ownership or control.