Imperialism Unit Review

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Terms in this set (...)

isolationism
a foreign policy in which a nation seeks to "isolate" itself and not play a role in world affairs
Imperialism
a foreign policy in which a stronger nation seeks to control a weaker nation/territory to benefit economically, politically, and socially.
causes for imperialism
economic, political, cultural cause
economic imperialism
to make money
political imperialism
to build an empire
cultural imperialism
to spread your culture
Imperialist
when someone believes in contributing to imperialism
Anti-Imperialists
People who were opposed to American growing into a world power
American Imperialism
the period when America sought to control the political and economic fortunes of weaker nations such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines after the Spanish-American War
Gunboat Diplomacy
foreign policy that is supported by the use or threat of military force.
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
Commodore Matthew Perry
the commodore of the u.s. navy who compelled the opening of Japan to the west
"Seward's Icebox"
Nickname for William Seward's purchase of Alaska. it was given to him by those who thought Alaska was worthless.
Treaty of Cessation
agreement between US and Russia for the sale of Alaska
Geopolitics
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
Queen Liliuokalani
the last Hawaiian queen before U.S. took over
John Hay
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Sphere of Influence
a country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority.
the Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
Panamanian revolt
1903, US supported the revolt in order to gain control of land to make the Panama Canal. US supported Panamanian independence.
Jose Marti
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
General Weyler
Spanish Commander in Cuba known as "The Butcher" due to his brutal tactics
Yellow Journalism
journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
The Maine
a american ship that was used to protect the American interests
What happened to the Maine
Blew up and sunk in Havana Harbor
William McKinley
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism.
Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
yellow journalists
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Teddy Roosevelt
Twenty-sixth president of the United States; he focused his efforts on trust busting, environment conservation, and strong foreign policy.
Battle of San Juan Hill
One of the most important battles of the Spanish-American War. Roosevelt and Rough Riders defeated Spain. Placed America at an advantage
"Splendid Little War"
Nickname for Spanish American war coined by Hay, indicative of US attitude and cockiness
territories gained in the Spanish American War
Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines
Platt Amendment
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Foraker Act
law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico
Big Stick Diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
Examples of Big Stick Diplomacy
Treaty of Portsmouth
Gentlemen's agreement
Great White Fleet
Panama Canal Zone
Treaty of Portsmouth
1905 treaty between Russia and Japan ending the Russo-Japanese War
Gentlemen's Agreement
1907 agreement between the United States and Japan that restricted Japanese immigration
Great White Fleet
16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world to display American naval power; to intimidate people
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914) connects the Pacific and Atlantic ocean