Imperialism Unit Review
Terms in this set (41)
a foreign policy in which a nation seeks to "isolate" itself and not play a role in world affairs
a foreign policy in which a stronger nation seeks to control a weaker nation/territory to benefit economically, politically, and socially.
causes for imperialism
economic, political, cultural cause
to make money
to build an empire
to spread your culture
when someone believes in contributing to imperialism
People who were opposed to American growing into a world power
the period when America sought to control the political and economic fortunes of weaker nations such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines after the Spanish-American War
foreign policy that is supported by the use or threat of military force.
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
Commodore Matthew Perry
the commodore of the u.s. navy who compelled the opening of Japan to the west
Nickname for William Seward's purchase of Alaska. it was given to him by those who thought Alaska was worthless.
Treaty of Cessation
agreement between US and Russia for the sale of Alaska
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
the last Hawaiian queen before U.S. took over
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Sphere of Influence
a country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority.
the Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
1903, US supported the revolt in order to gain control of land to make the Panama Canal. US supported Panamanian independence.
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
Spanish Commander in Cuba known as "The Butcher" due to his brutal tactics
journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
a american ship that was used to protect the American interests
What happened to the Maine
Blew up and sunk in Havana Harbor
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism.
Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Twenty-sixth president of the United States; he focused his efforts on trust busting, environment conservation, and strong foreign policy.
Battle of San Juan Hill
One of the most important battles of the Spanish-American War. Roosevelt and Rough Riders defeated Spain. Placed America at an advantage
"Splendid Little War"
Nickname for Spanish American war coined by Hay, indicative of US attitude and cockiness
territories gained in the Spanish American War
Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico
Big Stick Diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
Examples of Big Stick Diplomacy
Treaty of Portsmouth
Great White Fleet
Panama Canal Zone
Treaty of Portsmouth
1905 treaty between Russia and Japan ending the Russo-Japanese War
1907 agreement between the United States and Japan that restricted Japanese immigration
Great White Fleet
16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world to display American naval power; to intimidate people
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914) connects the Pacific and Atlantic ocean