Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary: Level G: Units 7/8

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Terms in this set (...)

allege
(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation
(SYN: contend)
(ANT: prove)
arrant
(adj.) thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
(SYN: egregious, unmitigated)
badinage
(n.) light and playful conversation
(SYN: banter, persiflage, repartee)
(ANT: sermon)
concillate
(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
(SYN: mollify, propitiate)
(ANT: antagonize, alienate, estrange)
countermand
(v.) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
(SYN: recall, revoke)
(ANT: reaffirm, reassert)
echelon
(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
(SYN: rank)
exacerbate
(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
(SYN: intensify, worsen)
(ANT: alleviate, mitigate, ameliorate)
fatuous
(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
(SYN: silly, vapid, inane, doltish, vacuous)
(ANT: intelligent, perceptive, bright)
irrefutable
(adj.) impossible to disprove; beyond argument
(SYN: indisputable, incontrovertible, undeniable)
(ANT: disputable, indefensible, untenable)
juggernaut
(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaiscal
(adj.) lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
(SYN: indolent, indifferent, lax)
(ANT: energetic, vigorous, wholehearted)
litany
(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
(SYN: catalog, megillah)
macabre
(adj.) grisly, gruesome, horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
(SYN: grim, ghoulish)
paucity
(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
(SYN: lack)
(ANT: glut, plentitude, deluge)
portend
(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
(SYN: bode, foretell, suggest)
raze
(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off of or out
(SYN: pull down, demolish, shave off)
(ANT: build, construct, raise, erect)
recant
(v.) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
(SYN: repudiate, disavow)
(ANT: reassert)
saturate
(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
(SYN: drench, flood, imbue)
(ANT: drain)
saturnine
(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
(SYN: morose)
(ANT: cheerful, vivacious)
slough
(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire; a state of depression
(SYN: shed, slog)
(ANT: take on, acquire, assume)
allay
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve

SYN: reduce, alleviate, moderate
ANT: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify
bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

SYN: animalistic, loathsome
ANT: human, clement, virtuous, upright
convivial
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial

SYN: fun-loving, jovial, merry
ANT: dour, sullen, unsociable
coterie
(n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest

SYN: clique, set
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

SYN: match
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

SYN: (v.) protest, object to
ANT: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
effrontery
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence

SYN: chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
ANT: shyness, diffidence, timidity
embellish
(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details

SYN: garnish
ANT: strip, mar, disfigure
ephemeral
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived

SYN: transient, evanescent, transitory
ANT: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy

SYN: fortunate, well-put
ANT: inappropriate, inept, graceless, unhappy
furtive
(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

SYN: covert, surreptitious
ANT: aboveboard, open
garish
(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way

SYN: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
ANT: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
illusory
(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality

SYN: specious, spurious, imaginary
ANT: actual, real, factual, objective
indigent
(adj.) needy, impoverished

SYN: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANT: affluent, prosperous
inordinate
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

SYN: exorbitant, extravagant
ANT: reasonable, equitable
jettison
(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome

SYN: cast off, discard, dump, junk
ANT: conserve, retain, hold on to, keep
misanthrope
(n.) a person who hates or despises people

SYN: people-hater
pertinacious
(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied

SYN: stubborn, determined
picayune
(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded

SYN: piddling, trifling
ANT: important, significant, huge, gigantic
raiment
(n.) clothing, garments

SYN: apparel, attire

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