World History: Imperialism
Terms in this set (45)
Africa and Asia
European powers came to rule a large portion of ______ and ____ between 1800-1920.
Only _____ emerged as an independent power capable of challenging the West.
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
What helped European nations expand their power in Asia and Africa?
Advances in military and technology
What did the British East India Company do in India to gain control?
Mughal empire became weak, BEIC took control by using its own military to govern India. Missionaries also came to India to convert people to Christianity
Indian soldiers who fought for the British
What reasons were there for the Indian Sepoy Mutiny?
-British trying to westernize India
-British were trying to have people from India abandon their religion
What did the British government do after the Sepoy Mutiny?
British government ended the BEIC rule and took control of India
How did the British people view the people of India?
The British thought that they were superior to the people the governed and the people of India could not govern themselves.
Indian National Congress
A major political party in India that wanted greater rights for Indians under British rule. It later became the main force calling for India's independence
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
What was the result of the British capturing Shanghai in 1842?
China was forced to sign a treaties that greatly benefitted European Countries. "Unequal treaties"
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Why were many Western Powers able to claim territory in China?
China had a weak military
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
returned authority to the Japanese emperor, birth of modern Japan, attempted to industrialize Japan, westernize it, sent people abroad to study, constitutional monarchy was formed
a war between China and Japan for influence, power, and territory
What was the result of the Sino-Japanese War?
Japan defeated China. China recognized Korea as independent. Japan gained control of Taiwan. Japan was recognized as a great power.
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
Why was the Suez Canal important?
It sped up trade by allowing nations to travel directly thru Africa to trade with other nations
A ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
Why was the Berlin Conference important?
European countries met in Berlin to agree that when a nation claimed new territory in Africa, it had to notify other European nations and prove it could control the territory.
What is a positive effect of colonization?
Reduced local warfare, sanitation improved, hospitals and schools were built, Infrastructures improved.
What is a negative effect of colonization?
Loss of land, Loss of independence, diseases, loss of culture
Social, Political and Economic
imperialism is when one country dominates anothers __, __, or __ aspects (Roots of Imperialism)
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China
substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Spheres of Influence in China
one country would have special authority or presence and another country would have a different area of authority. China became divided by European powers. The different European countries supported each other through the spheres of influence because of economic advantage
(1904-1905) War between Russia and Japan over imperial possessions. Japan emerges victorious.
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)
Imperialism and Nationalism
The connection of the two is when one country gains colonies its military also grows to protect it.
Direct control (Colony)
governed internally by a foreign power
Indirect Control (Colony)
Laws are made by colonizer but local government carries them out
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
Sphere of Influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Hindu and Islam
Two major religions in India.
British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
a person who lives in a colony
The large country taking over the weaker nation.
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