all unit 6 ush
Terms in this set (68)
Inventor of lightbulb, phonograph and numerous other innovations
United States financier who gained control of the Erie Canal and who caused a financial panic in 1869 when he attempted to corner the gold market
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. His company dominated the American steel industry.
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
A highly successful banker who bought out Carnegie. With Carnegie's holdings and some others, he launched U.S Steel and made it the first billion dollar corporation.
American mechanical engineer, who wanted to improve industrial efficiency. He is known as the father of scientific management
led the Knights of Labor, a skilled and unskilled union, wanted equal pay for equal work, an 8hr work day and to end child labor
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
detectives hired by employers as private police force, often used to end strikes
Boss William Tweed
Political "boss" in New York City that ran the Tammany Hall Ring until his arrest in 1871; though corrupt, he and other bosses brought structure and necessary services to communities.
American clergyman who preached Anglo-Saxon superiority and called for stronger U.S. missionary effort overseas
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties.
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas.
The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination
Chief Red Cloud
leader of the Sioux who defeated U.S. troops in Montana
Chief Crazy Horse
Lakota chief who defeated George Custer at the battle of Little Big Horn
Chief Sitting Bull
a Sioux leader who was shot and killed by his own people, he believed himself to be the last true Indian because he never went to a reservation
Col. George Armstrong Custer
suffered largest largest defeat in 1876 when whole regimen was wiped out by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull at Battle of the Little Big Horn
Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
monitors the business operation of carriers transporting goods and people between states - created to regulate railroad prices
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890 law banning any trust that restrained interstate trade or commerce
Homestead Act of 1862
this allowed a settler to acquire 160 acres by living on it for five years, improving it and paying about $30
Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college
Pacific Railway Act
legislation to encourage the construction of a transcontinental railroad, connecting the West to industries in the Northeast
A Century of Dishonor
Written by Helen Hunt Jackson, it detailed the injustices made to Native Americans during US expansion
Dawes Severalty Act
The act passed with the intent to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream of American life by dissolving tribes and eliminating tribal ownership of land.
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers
Credit Mobilier Affair
northern scandal in which railroad investors were stealing gov money which was supposed to finance railroads and investors bribed Congressmen with free shares of railroad stock
Great Railroad Strike of 1877
*Pay cuts caused labor strikes to spread through the country
*Workers of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike over a second pay cut
*President Hayes used federal troops to restore order after workers were killed
In this location, a bomb was hurled toward police officials, and police opened fire on the demonstrators; numerous policemen and demonstrators were killed and wounded
Homestead Steel Strike
one of the most violent strikes in America at the Carnegie Steel Company. 7 people died. Pinkerton detectives were hired and there was a battle where they ultimately surrendered.
violent 1894 railway workers' strike which began outside of Chicago and spread nationwide
Battle of Little Bighorn
In 1876, Indian leaders Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeated Custer's troops who tried to force them back on to the reservation, Custer and all his men died
a religious dance of native Americans looking for communication with the dead
Sand Creek Massacre
an attack on a village of sleeping Cheyenne Indians by a regiment of Colorado militiamen that resulted in the death of more than 200 tribal members
Wounded Knee Massacre
mass killing by U.S. soldiers of as many as 300 unarmed Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1890
Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889
Followed on from Dawes Act by giving free land to white settlers on a first-come-first-served basis, causing thousands traveling to Oklahoma to claim land the Indians did not want.
time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor
Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
A process for making steel more efficiently
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
agreements between companies to maintain prices at a certain level
various companies sell their
stock and authority and
receive trust certificates;
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level
A firm that buys up stocks and bonds of smaller companies.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city seeking political control by corruption and bossism
Christian faith practiced as a call not just to personal conversion but to social reform.
the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace
isolation to prevent the spread of disease
A tenement building that narrowed in the middle, forming air shafts on either side and allowing light and air into the rooms
to refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
union made up of skilled workers in a specific trade or industry
Knights of Labor
labor union that sought to organize all workers and focused on broad social reforms (led by terrance powderly)
American Federation of Labor
founded by Samuel Gompers; sought better wages, hrs, working conditions; skilled laborers, arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor, rejected socialist and communist ideas, non-violent.
bread and butter unionism
The belief that unions should focus on improving working conditions and pay for skilled workers rather than political reform
negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees.
Industrial Workers of the World
a former international labor union and radical labor movement in the United States (led by mother jones and big bill haywood)
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
community whose residents rely upon one company for jobs, housing, and shopping
A party organization that recruits loyalty with incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
In 1889, people who illegally claimed land by sneaking past government officials before the land races began
Theory that claimed that the frontier had played a key role in forming the American character.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
ap psych unit 11 (key terms & people)
ap psychology unit 10 key terms
unit 3 test - us history
world history unit 1 test - jacquet