Comedy

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Incongruity
This refers to conflicting elements that in some way deviate from the norm: a woman wears a long formal gown with running shoes and a sweatshirt.

Three forms are literalization, reversal, and exaggeration.

In literalization the joke comes from taking a figure of speech and then performing it literally. When Max Smart (GET SMART) asks the robot agent Hymie to "give me a hand," Hymie detaches a hand and gives it over, interpreting the instruction literally.

Reversal is simply reversing the normal, taking what is normal and expected and doing or saying the opposite. For instance, a parent typically takes care of his or her child. But if the child takes care of the parent, that's reversal.

An exaggeration is taking what is normal and blowing it out of proportion
Satire
Ridicules society in order to change. Many pieces of Satire are offensive. All satire has an underlying moral message embedded in the comedy.
Situational irony
A situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
Verbal irony
A person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Dramatic irony
The full significance of a character's words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character
Juxtaposition
A literary technique which causes the audience to compare two elements simply because they are placed next to each other. When the comparison is unexpected, it creates irony.
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Juxtaposition
placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
Parody
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule. Weird Al Yankovich is known for his parodies of songs.
stereotype
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. Tend to be used in comedy as caricatures
caricature
an exaggerated portrayal of one's features. Many comedians use this to joke about themselves and over emphasize features that are obviously seen by all.
Understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
literal
taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or allegory
figurative
departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
comedy
A humorous work of drama
humor
Anything that causes laughter or amusement
misdirection
a wrong direction, guidance, or instruction to hide something else.
contradiction
A direct opposition between things compared; inconsistency
Double Entendre/Pun
Terms used for words that can reflect a double meaning. In particular, a pun is a word used in a witty way so that its similarity to another word is emphasized.