The Roman Republic Pepi
Terms in this set (32)
Trojan hero written about in "The Aeneid". Called the father of the Romans because he united trojans and Latins
founder of Rome; twin of Remus; raised by she-wolf; killed Remus
twin of Romulus; raised by she-wolf; was killed by Romulus because he taunted Romulus
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
a model dictator for the Romans. He organized an army, led the Romans to victory, attended victory celebrations, and returned to his farmland all within 16 days.
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
elected officials of Rome's government
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government.
a council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders
the power to forbid or prevent; to prohibit, reject
The language of the Romans
checks and balances
methods of balancing power
the city market and meeting place in the center of ancient Rome
groups of up to 6,000 soldiers
The three wars between Carthage and Rome.
General of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in Second Punic War
A general who encouraged poor people to join the army
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
defeated Marius in a civil war and later named himself dictator
slave and former gladiator who lead a revolt of 70,000 slaves against the Roman Empire
Why did Italy's geography help the rise of Rome?
central location, good climate, plenty of food, easily travel by sea
What stories were made up about the origins of Rome?
The Aenid - the story of Aeneas traveling to Italy after the Trojan war and forming an alliance with the Latins
Romulus & Remus - brothers who were raised by a wolf; Romulus killed Remus and became the first King of Rome
Why was Cinncinatus an important dictator?
he did not take advantage of his power and returned to his farm when his job was done
Three parts of the Roman Government & thier roles
magistrates - elected officials, elected each year, led the army (consuls - two most powerful magistrates)
Senate - advised the magistrates, served for life, controlled the finances
Assemblies & Tribunes - represented the common people, elected the magistrates, could veto any decision made by other parts of the government
Why did Rome need to write down laws?
People thought it was not fair to be charged with laws they did not know existed
What was the name of the written laws?
The Law of the Twelve Tables (twelve bronze tablets displayed in the forum)
What advantage did Rome have by organizing the military into legions and centuries?
flexibility to fight together or break up into smaller groups
Why did it become necessary for Rome to expand trade?
Many people moved to the cities and stopped farming, which led to a need for more food
What changes did Gaius Marius make?
He eliminated the law that only rich landowners could join the army and encouraged the poor and unemployed the join. His army became more loyal to him than the Roman government.
Similarities between Rome and U.S.
tripartite government, elected representatives, checks and balances
influences of Greece on Rome
gods/godesses, government structure, literature, art, education, philosophy