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4. Early Years of the Republic and Era of Good Feelings (WAJMMA).
Terms in this set (18)
#Early Republic Era
Time period, during the first 6 presidencies, when our young nation was established and many of our political traditions were created.
#American Political Parties
two-party system started with Hamilton (Federalists) and Jefferson (Dem/Reps).
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt. (FAsTEN).
Alexander Hamilton asked Congress to set up a national bank; Congress created the Bank of the United States in 1791.
#free enterprise system
An economic system in which people are free to operate their businesses as they see fit, with little government interference.
#Washington's Farewell Address, 1796
Warned against permanent foreign alliances, debt and political parties, called for unity of the country, established precedent of two-term presidency.
#XYZ Affair (1797)
Incident that precipitated an undeclared war with France when three French officials demanded that American emissaries pay a bribe before negotiating disputes between the two countries.
Led to the Quasi-War with France; convinced John Adams to strengthen the U.S. navy but led to perceived weak nation.
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
#Marbury vs. Madison
1803 Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review. M and M and M set up JR.
President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France. Same year as Marbury vs. Madison.
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France for $15 Millions. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
#War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Fought between Britain and the United States largely over the issues of trade and impressment. Though the war ended in a relative draw, it demonstrated America's willingness to defend its interests militarily, earning the young nation new found respect from European powers.
(1817-1825-Era of Good Feelings.) The Missouri Compromise in 1821., the fifth President of the United States .His administration was marked by the acquisition of Florida (1819); the Missouri Compromise (1820), in which Missouri was declared a slave state; and the profession of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), declaring U.S. opposition to European interference in the Americas.
#Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Written by John Q. Adams, this doctrine stated that Europeans could not intervene in the Western Hemisphere in exchange, the U.S. would not interfere with existing European colonies and wars. If Europe intervened, the U.S. would interpret this as dangerous to U.S. national security and take appropriate action. World Policeman?
#John James Audubon (1785-1851)
Member of the Hudson River School, a group of landscape painters
Demonstrated the emotion of nature, especially birds and animals.
#Hudson River School
Founded by Thomas Cole, first native school of landscape painting in the U.S. American artists produced romantic renditions of local landscapes, for example "The Oxbow".
#McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
SCOTUS ruling based on Supremacy Clause; no state can tax institutions created by Congress - Maryland attempted to tax 2nd Bank of the U.S. The Court's broad interpretation of the necessary and proper clause paved the way for later rulings upholding expansive federal powers.
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
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