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20 terms

The Era of Good Feelings

Vocabulary between war of 1812 and the civil War
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James Monroe
5th President of the U.S. 1817-1825 acquired Florida from Spain; declared Monroe Doctrine to keep foreign powers out.
Era of Good Feelings
name for President Monroe's two terms: period of strong nationalism, economic growth, territorial expansion, and fewer partisan conflicts
constituents
the people who are represented by elected officials
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Tariff of 1816
First protective tariff in American history, created primarily to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the War of 1812.
American System
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.
The Panic of 1819
economic depression in the US that was caused by over speculation in Western lands by the US Bank.
overspeculate
the excessive and risky investment in stocks, in the hopes of making money quickly. A major cause of the Great Depression.
wildcat banks
uncontrolled and unregulated western banks of the 1800s whose speculation and unsafe practices helped spur the panic of 1819
Missouri Compromise
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
Rush-Bagot Treaty
1817; The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain ceded Florida to the United States and gave up its claims to the Oregon Territory
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere
Know-Nothing Party
Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.
Nativists
people who wanted to preserve the country for white, American-born protestants
Eli Whitney
an American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged
King Cotton
term used to describe the dominance of the South's cash crop (Cotton) on politics, agriculture, and society prior to the Civil War in the Ante-Bellum South.
peculiar institution
Another term for slavery; The owning of human beings existed in a country that practiced liberty.
black codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
slave codes
laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights