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Vocabulary between war of 1812 and the civil War

James Monroe

5th President of the U.S. 1817-1825 acquired Florida from Spain; declared Monroe Doctrine to keep foreign powers out.

Era of Good Feelings

name for President Monroe's two terms: period of strong nationalism, economic growth, territorial expansion, and fewer partisan conflicts


the people who are represented by elected officials

John C. Calhoun

South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification

Tariff of 1816

First protective tariff in American history, created primarily to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the War of 1812.

American System

Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.

The Panic of 1819

economic depression in the US that was caused by over speculation in Western lands by the US Bank.


the excessive and risky investment in stocks, in the hopes of making money quickly. A major cause of the Great Depression.

wildcat banks

uncontrolled and unregulated western banks of the 1800s whose speculation and unsafe practices helped spur the panic of 1819

Missouri Compromise

Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)

Rush-Bagot Treaty

1817; The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.

Adams-Onis Treaty

Spain ceded Florida to the United States and gave up its claims to the Oregon Territory

Monroe Doctrine

A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere

Know-Nothing Party

Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.


people who wanted to preserve the country for white, American-born protestants

Eli Whitney

an American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged

King Cotton

term used to describe the dominance of the South's cash crop (Cotton) on politics, agriculture, and society prior to the Civil War in the Ante-Bellum South.

peculiar institution

Another term for slavery; The owning of human beings existed in a country that practiced liberty.

black codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves

slave codes

laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights

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