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US History B: United States Involvement at home and abroad
Terms in this set (54)
a policy of non-involvement in world affairs is called:
natural resources in the United States included:
variety of land and climates
rivers and streams
the essentials building blocks of industry are natural resources, a work force, and:
factors making the United States ripe for industry included:
abundant natural resources
a determination to prove itself
1.) cotton gin
2.) sewing machine
4.) Tom Thumb steam locomotive
5.) Embargo Act of 1807
6.) mechanical reaper
7.) steel plow
8.) iron plow
1.) Eli Whitney
2.) Elias Howe
3.) Robert Fulton
4.) Peter Cooper
5.) Thomas Jefferson
6.) Cyrus McCormick
7.) James Oliver
8.) Jethro Wood
Peter Cooper invented the ________ when the lack of waterways in certain parts of the United States required new modes of transportation.
the Embargo Act of 1807 stopped trade with England, decreasing American production.
American wars decreased employment and increased production.
during the Industrial Revolution, the agriculture industry experienced __________ production, which, in turn, _____________ the selling price of farm products.
standardized, interchangeable parts, invented by ________, revolutionized industrialization.
the first practical power loom was installed by _______ in his Massachusetts clothing factory.
the south had all the necessary ingredients for industry after the Civil War except what?
what were America's four major industries by 1914?
iron and steel
1.) enabled the building of factories away from rivers; powered machines.
2.) increased production by allowing parts to be easily replaced.
3.) the putting together of goods piece by piece.
4.) provided a tough, efficient building material for industrial purposes.
1.) steam power
2.) interchangeable parts
3.) assembly line
2.) light bulb
3.) Model T
5.) transatlantic cable
6.) developed a successful automobile
1.) Edwin Drake
2.) Thomas A. Edison
3.) Henry Ford
4.) Wright brothers
5.) Cyrus W. Field
6.) Duryea brothers
7.) Alexander Graham Bell
use of electricity included:
the light bulb
powered communications systems
improvements in communication included:
the transatlantic cable
the transcontinental telegraph
Industrial Growth in the United States
2.) powered, man-piloted aircraft
3.) incandescent light bulb
4.) assembly line
6.) Tom Thumb stam locomotive
8.) sewing machine
9.) reaping machine
10.) cotton gin
1.) mass development of labor-saving machines for farm work.
2.) money, equipment, and other assets.
3.) joined England and U.S. by telegraph wire.
4.) first one built with crushed rock.
5.) spread of telegraph from the East to California.
1.) agricultural revolution
3.) transatlantic cable
4.) Cumberland Road
5.) transcontinental telegraph
1.) forced the U.S. to produce goods once imported from England.
2.) increased production because of demand for supplies; lowered unemployment.
3.) interchangeable; increased efficient production.
4.) moving pieces quickened production.
5.) provided a tough, versatile building material for industry.
1.) Embargo Act of 1807
3.) standardized parts
4.) assembly line
during the Industrial Revolution, _____________ production rates were needed to meet the ____________ demand for manufactured goods.
the middle Atlantic and North Central states led in United States production
the use of iron brought many advantages over the steel previously used
Drake's Folly, the first oil well, brought a new power source to United States industry
modern machinery encouraged businesses to move to factories
the factors making the United States ripe for industry included:
New England businessmen
iron and oil deposits
transportation improvements included:
Tom Thumb steam locomotive
the Model T
communication improvements included:
the transatlantic cable
inventions of the agricultural revolution included the:
the factors encouraging industrial growth included:
better production methods
Cooper's steam locomotive was more practical as a carrier of freight than of people
the Embargo Act of 1807 stopped trade with England, decreasing American production
a factor that led to the growth of the factory system in the United States was the development of new power sources
Industrial Lifestyle: Trends
1.) against a permanent combination of businesses, now illegal, for the purpose of controlling the production or price of some good.
2.) the merging of businesses into one large organization.
3.) the mass movement of rural people to the urban areas of our country.
1.) invested the capital needed by corporations; chose directors
2.) made management and organization of men and materials more efficient and productive
3.) enforced laws, thus checking corporate power
4.) outlawed certain methods used by corporations to crush their competitors
5.) enforced antitrust laws, protecting small businesses; restrained power of big corporations
2.) business specialists
3.) Theodore Roosevelt
4.) Clayton Antitrust Act
5.) Federal Trade Commission
advantages corporations had over small business included:
raw material discounts
reduction of unit cost
better production methods
dangers to the consumer brought about by the corporate trend included:
stifling of competition
selling inferior products
working and living conditions being controlled
advantages to the United States brought about by corporations included:
more workers employed
better quality products
a chance to invest savings
people who lived in the cities were forced to rely on others for employment
millions of people moved to the nation's rural areas hoping to improve their economic positions
2.) LIVING CONDITIONS
4.) FAMILY LIVING
5.) LEISURE TIME
6.) MAN'S SELF-IMAGE
7.) FEELINGS ABOUT JOB
8.) MAJOR PROBLEMS
1.) urban: factory; rural: farm
2.) urban: tenements; rural: fresh air
3.) urban: unhealthy; rural: satisfactory
4.) urban: everybody worked; rural: healthy, wholesome
5.) urban: little time for; rural: quiet life
6.) urban: poor; rural: pride in work
7.) urban: insignificant; rural: good
8.) urban: crime, long hours; rural: few difficulties
Industrial Lifestyle: Labor Movement
factories readily employed women and children because they received higher wages and benefits
a factory's main interests were for employee morale and profits
which sentence below best describes the factory working conditions during the Industrial Revolution?
1. Factory working conditions were extremely poor... profit came at the cost of the worker. Injuries and sickness were common, often leading to job loss. Hours were long and hard; there was no time for leisure or self-improvement.
2. Factory working conditions were safe, as the employers knew they needed their employees to continue making a profit. It was much too costly to find and train new employees to replace those that became sick or injured.
why was factory life particularly hard for skilled workers?
Factory life was particularly hard for skilled workers due to the fact that they ended up having to do another person's job for the exact same pay as what the unskilled workers were making.
1.) attempted to curb inflation and create eight-hour work days
2.) admitted all workers regardless of skill, race, or position
3.) sought to better the bargaining position of workers with employers
4.) chartered national unions and sought to strengthen them to increase bargaining power with their employers
1.) National Labor Union
2.) Knights of Labor
3.) trade unions
4.) AF of L
in 1866, the first attempt in the U.S. at a union for workers was called what?
National Labor Union
problems faced by labor unions included:
lack of unity
opposition from corporations
the blacklisting of leaders
worker benefits passed through government legislation included:
improved working conditions for women and children
set working hours
unemployment and accident protection
who formed the first relatively permanent labor union, the Knights of Labor?
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