Benchmark 1.1 -Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu's view of separation of power and John Locke's theories related to natural law and how Locke's social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.
Terms in this set (9)
checks and balances
a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
consent of the governed
an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws
a period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning; education was considered the key to understanding and solving society's problems
a person's ability to be free and independent
having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
laws passed by government to protect natural rights
the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property
separation of powers
the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government
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Benchmark 1.2 - Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" had on colonists' views of government.
Benchmark 1.3 - Describe how English policies and responses to colonial concerns led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Benchmark 1.4 - Analyze the ideas (natural rights, role of the government) and complaints set forth in the Declaration of Independence.
Benchmark 1.7 - Describe how the Constitution limits the powers of government through separation of powers and checks and balances.