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US History 1877 Chapter 7 Sections 1-3
United States History Beginning to 1877
Terms in this set (25)
a body of electors who represent the people's vote in choosing the president
An action or decision that later serves as an example.
Why was Washington selected to be president?
People saw him as honest leader and a hero of the Revolution
Judiciary Act of 1789
created three levels of federal courts and defined their powers and relationship to the state courts
What two important precedents were established for the federal government?
Department heads (cabinet members)
Judiciary Act of 1789
Why was New York City chosen as the first capital of the United States?
It was a vibrant city which reflected the potential future of the new nation.l
Money owed by the United States
Certificates of debt that carry a promise to buy back the bonds at a higher price.
People who buy items at low prices in the hope that the value will rise and they can sell the items for a profit
How did southerners feel about the federal government paying state war debts, and how did Hamilton change their minds?
They felt it was unfair. Since southern officials wanted to change the location of the nation's capital, Jefferson & Madison gathered support in the South for Hamilton's debt plan. They compromised.
What were the main differences between Hamilton and Jefferson concerning the power of the nation's government?
Hamilton: believed in a strong federal gov't.
Jefferson: wanted to protect the powers of the states.
The federal government can take reasonable actions that the constitution does not specifically forbid.
Allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can.
Bank of the United States
The country's first national bank
Why did Congress and the president agree to create a national bank?
They hoped a bank would offer stability for the U.S. economy.
Stated that the U.S. would not take sides with any European countries that were at war.
private ships hired by a country to attack its enemies
settled the disputes that had arisen between the U.S. and Great Britain in the early 1790s
settled the border and trade disputes with Spain.
Why did President Washington want the United States to remain neutral?
He believed his plan was the safest for the long run.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
August 20, 1794, Native Americans fought Wayne's troops and were defeated.
Treaty of Greenville
Gave the U.S. claim to most Indian lands in the Northwest Territory
What conflicts did the U.S. face in the late 1700s?
Americans settling in Native American territories.
farmers lashed out against the tax on whiskey
Defend the viewpoint of the Pennsylvania farmers who did not want to pay the whiskey tax.
The farmers believed they should be able to keep the money they had made from a product they created themselves.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ch 3 sec 1-3
US History 1877 Chapter 7 Section 4
US History to 1877 Chapter 11
The American Revolution
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