Cadet of the Month 2019-2020
Terms in this set (199)
What is the first general order?
"I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when I am properly relived."
What is the second general order?
"I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner."
What is the third general order?
"I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the commander of relief."
What is the mission of JROTC?
"To motivate young people to be better citizens."
Who is the President/Commander in Cheif?
(President) Donald J. Trump
Who is the Vice President?
Vice President Mike Pence
Who is the Secretary of State?
The Honorable Mike Pompeo
Who is the Secretary of Defense?
The Honorable Mark Thomas Esper
Who is the Secretary of the Army?
The Honorable Ryan McCarthy
Who is the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs?
General Mark Milley
Who is the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army?
General Mark Milley
Who is the U.S. Trading & Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Commander?
General Paul Funk the 2nd
Who is the U.S. Army Accessions Command Commander?
Who is the Cadet Command Commander?
Major General John R. Evans Jr.
Who is the/our Senior Army Instructor?
Who is the Govenor of Texas?
The Honorable Greg Abbot
Who is the San Antonio Mayor?
Mayor Ron Nirenberg
Who is the Sergeant Major of the Army?
Sergeant Major Michael A. Grinston
Who is the TRADOC Sergeant Major?
CSM Timothy Guden
Who is the U.S. Army Accessions Command CSM?
Accessions Command has been deactivated entirely
Who is the Cadet Command CSM?
CSM Mario Terenus
Who is the 5th Brigade Command Sergeant Major?
CSM George Bunn
Who is the Army Instructor?
Command Sergeant Major Harris and Master Sergeant Johnson
Who is our Battalion Commander?
Cadet Lt. Col. Rodriguez
Who is our Battalion Executive Officer?
Cadet Major Boddman
Who is our Battalion CSM?
Cadet CSM Boldin
Who is our Company Commander?
Cadet Captain Moscrip
Who is our Company First Sergeant?
Cadet First Sergeant Lee
What does Training Circular (TC) 3-21.5 go over?
Drill and Ceremony
What does Army Regulation 670-1 go over?
What does Field Manual 6-22 go over?
What are the commands to align a squad at normal interval?
DRESS RIGHT, DRESS. And, READY, FRONT
What are the commands to align a squad in a column?
COVER, and RECOVER
What is the command to form a column formation from a line formation and ensure your subordinate leaders are in the correct position?
How do you measure a marching step?
From heel to heel
How many inches are in a marching step?
How many inches are in a half step?
How many inches are in a back step?
How many inches should the feet be raised off the marching surface when MARKING TIME?
What is the cadence for quick time?
120 steps per minute
What is the cadence for double time?
180 steps per minute
What is the approximate arm swing when marching?
9 inches to the front and 6 inches to the rear
When DOUBLE TIMING, what must you do before you salute?
Come to QUICK TIME
When a formation is marching at double time, who assumes quick time and salutes?
Only the individual in charge of the formation
When executing movement from the halt, what is the only movement that does NOT begin with the left foot?
RIGHT STEP, MARCH
On what foot is the command Count Cadence Count given?
On which foot is the command Change Step MARCH given?
On which foot, can the command HALF STEP, MARCH be given?
To halt when executing RIGHT or LEFT STEP. when should the preparatory and command of execution be given?
When the heels are together
What is the command to march backwards?
When marching at QUICK TIME, on which foot is the command DOUBLE TIME, MARCH given?
On which foot is COLUMN LEFT, MARCH given?
On which foot is the COLUMN RIGHT, MARCH given?
On which foor is REAR, MARCH given?
What is a map?
A (map is) a scaled, geographical representation of the Earths surface as seen from above
How do you read coordinates on a map?
Right and up
What is the scale on the map?
The relationship between map distance and ground distance
What are the types of major terrain features?
Hill, Valley, Depression, Ridge, Saddle, Spur, and Draw.
What is the color blue on a map?
Water such as lakes, rivers, and swamps
What is the color black on a map?
Man made features such as buildings, roads, and railroads
What is the color green on a map?
What is the color red on a map?
Major roads, highways, and populated areas
What is the color brown on a map?
Elevation and relief depicted with contour lines
What are the three types of contour lines?
Index, Supplementary, Intermediate
What are the three types of North?
True, Grid, and Magnetic North
How is grid north depicted on a map?
The Letters GN
How is True North depicted on a map?
How is magnetic north depicted on a map?
What is a G-M angle?
The angle between grid north and magnetic north
What is a declination diagram on a map?
Shows the angular relationship between true, grid, and magnetic north
What is an azimuth?
A horizontal angle, measured clockwise from North
How do you compute a back azimuth?
Add, or subtract, 180 degrees
How many degrees are in a circle?
What are the units used to measure distances on a map?
Miles, meters, and yards
What is likely to happen to a person with a severe injury?
They will go into shock
What are the two common types of fractures?
Simple and compound, or open and closed
What is the most common injury caused by exposure to cold?
What are the three types of heat injuries?
heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke
What is the most serious type of heat injury?
What is a normal heartbeat?
60-80 beats per minute
What are the signs/symptons of shock?
Sweaty, but cool skin.
Paleness of skin
Loss of Bood
Faster than normal breathing rate
Blotchy or bluish skin
Nausea and/or vomiting
What are the three most common types of flags?
Storm, Post, and Garrison
What is the size of the Garrison Flag?
20 feet by 38 feet
What is the size of the post flag?
10 feet by 19 feet
What is the size of the storm flag?
5 feet by 9 1/2 feet
How many stars are on the United States flag?
What color are the stars on the united states flag?
What do the colors on the flag represent
White - Purity
Red - Hardiness and Valor
Blue - Justice, vigilance and perserverence
How many stripes are there on the United States flag?
13, six white stripes and seven red stripes
What color t-shirt is worn with the class A or B uniform?
The black necktie/tab is optional when wearing what uniform?
Class B uniform with short sleeves
What color socks are worn with the class A or B uniform?
What uniform is worn at summer camps and for participation on special teams?
What does ACU stand for?
Army Combat Uniform
What does the OCP (New Army Combat Uniform) stand for?
Operational Camoflauge Pattern
What color t-shirt is worn with the ACU uniform?
Tan or Sand
What insignia do cadet officers wear on the gray beret?
Grade or rank insignia
How is the JROTC shoulder sleeve insignia worn on the class A uniform?
On the left sleeve, 1/2 an inch below the shoulder seam
Where is the Honor Unit insignia worn?
One-fourth of an inch and centered above the top of the right pocket (for female cadets it is in a similar position using an imaginary horizontal lone even with the first button)
Does the tip of the black belt worn with the Class A or B uniform have to be brass in color or shined?
How often must a uniform be worn by cadets?
At least once per week
Can a male cadet wear an earring in uniform?
What size earrings can female cadets wear in uniform?
Gold, silver, or white spherical earrings not to exceed 1/4 inch in diameter
How should the nameplate be worn on your uniform?
Center the nameplate on the right pocket between the top of the pocket and the top of the button. (Female cadets use an imaginary horizontal line even with the first button on the jacket or shirt)
How are shoulder board ranks worn?
Cadet officers place the pointed end toward the collar and the flat end toward the edge of the shoulder; for enlisted cadets, place the side with the pointed chevron toward the collar.
What does the Bill of Rights guarantee an accused person?
A speedy and public trial
Why was the 14th amendment enacted?
To protect the rights of Indians and Blacks
What are the two ways a person can become an American Citizen as stated in the 14th amendment?
Birth, and naturalization
What are some of your responsibilities as an American Citizen?
Obey laws, pay taxes, and serve on juries
When talking with an officer, male or female, how should you address them to render proper respect?
YOU SHOULD ADDRESS THEM AS SIR OR MA'AM
Who wrote the first American Army Drill Manual?
Major General Baron von Steuben, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, winter, 1777.
Who was the leader of the famous Third Army during World War 2?
General George Patton
How Many Army 5 Star Generals have there been? Who are they?
Marshall. Eisenhower, MacArthur, Bradley, Arnold (who became first general of the Air Force in 1947)
When was the Korean Conflict?
June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953
(Some variation of who won the Korean Conflict, there is no question on the packet)
No one won the Korean Conflict, an armistice was declared
What conflict was fought during the 1960s and 1970s?
The Vietnam War
Who was the primary antagonists in/of World War 1?
Germany and Austria-Hungary
Who were the primary antagonists during WWII?
Germany, Italy, and Japan
(Some variation of "if the president dies who becomes president")
If the President dies, the Vice President becomes President
(Some variation of "If the vice president dies who becomes president?")
If the Vice President dies too, the Speaker of the House beomes president
(Some variation of "What are the three branches of government")
The executive, judicial, and legislative branch
(Some variation of "Who makes up the branches of government")
The president, vice president, and cabinet members make up the executive
The 9 justices of the supreme court make up the judical
Congress makes up the legislative
How many people are in the house of representatives?
How many people are in the senate?
100, two per state, 1/3 are elected every 2 years
(Some variation of "What does the preamble say?")
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
What does the first fold of the American flag mean?
A symbol of life
What does the second fold of the American flag mean?
Symbol of belief in eternal life
What does the third fold of the American flag mean?
Honor and remembrance for all veterans who gave their lives
What does the fourth fold of the American flag mean?
Our weaker nature, as citizens trusting in god we turn to him in times of peace and war for guidance
What does the fifth fold of the American flag mean?
Tribute to our country
What does the sixth fold of the American flag mean?
The pledge of our hearts to the flag. the republic for which it stands, one nation, under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.
What does the seventh fold of the American flag mean?
Tribute to the armed forces
What does the eighth fold of the American flag mean?
Tribute to those who entered the valley of the shadow of death, that they may one day see the light of day
What does the ninth fold of the American flag mean?
Tribute to womanhood
What does the tenth fold of the American flag mean?
A tribute to the father
What does the eleventh fold of the American flag mean?
In the eyes of a hebrew citizen, represents the lower portion of the seal of King David and King Solomon
What does the twelfth fold of the American flag mean?
In the eyes of a christian citizen, represents an emblem of eternity and glorifies, the father, son, and holy spirit.
What does the completely folded American flag mean?
The flags stars being uppermost remind us of our nations motto, "In god we trust"
What is the purpose of JROTC?
To develop leadership in cadets
What is the key to success in JROTC?
In what year did the JROTC program begin?
Who was the founder of JROTC?
Captain Alden Partridge
What is the current total number of schools in the united states and outside the US where army JROTC is taught?
What are some of the skills you will learn in JROTC and use in school and throughout life?
How to lead, how to talk intelligently, and how to write clear and legibly
How old should you be before you can enroll in the the JROTC program?
Minimum age 14
What are the 7 Army Values?
Willingness to fight for your country and for the rights of others in (is) an act of?
What is the national anthem of the United States?
The Star-Spangled Banner
How many verses are in the National Anthem?
Four verses, while only the first is normally sung
Who wrote the Star-Spangled Banner?
Francis Scott Key (Year 1812)
What is the formula for determining ground distance on a map when the bar scales are not available?
Map distance * scale = ground distance
What instrument is used to read coordinates on a map?
What instrument is used to measure an azimuth on the map?
What instrument is used to measure a magnetic azimuth?
Define First Aid?
Emergency care given to the sick, injured or wounded, before professional medical help arrives
List of 4 life saving steps
Open the airway and restore breathing
Stop the bleeding
Protect (cover) the wound
Treat for shock
What is the name of the maneuver used on a choking victim?
The Heimlich Maneuver
What is the Heimlich maneuver used for?
To clear a blocked airway
What is artificial respiration used for?
To restore breathing
What does CPR stand for?
When one is performing CPR, how many times do you compress the heart?
What are the 4 ways to stop the bleeding?
What are the three types of blood vessels?
veins, arteries, capillaries
Blood that is bright red in color and shooting out in spurts is an indication of what type of bleeding?
What is the last resort to stop bleeding?
What is one case in which you would always apply a tourniquet?
When an arm or a leg has been completely amputated
What is the treatment for shock?
1) Position the victim on their back, unless a sitting position makes breathing easier
2) Elevate the victims feet above their heart
3)Loosen their clothing
4)Dont give them food or water
When marching what foot is the command, EYES, RIGHT given?
When marching on what foot is the command READY, FRONT given
To avoid an obstacle in the line of march, what directive would be given?
Incline around (object)
What is the definition of leadership?
The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation.
What is the definition of discipline?
The instant willing obedience to all orders, respect for authority, self reliance, and teamwork
What are the four factors of leadership?
The Led, Leader, Situation, and Communication.
What are the three styles of leadership?
Directing, Delegating, and Participating
The 11 Principles of Leadership
1. Know yourself and seek self-improvement.
2. Be technically and tactically proficient.
3. Know your subordinates and look out for their welfare.
4. Keep your subordinates informed.
5. Set the example.
6. Insure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished.
7. Train your subordinates as a team.
8. Make sound and timely decisions.
9. Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates.
10. Employ your command in accordance with its capabilities.
11. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.
What are the two types of courage?
Moral and Physical
What is candor?
Being frank, open, honest, and sincere with subordinates, seniors, and peers
What is character?
Your inner strength - doing what you believe is right, regardless of danger or circumstances
Being a good leader is an important part of what concept?
Being a good follower
What do the stripes on the flag represent?
The original 13 colonies
What were the names of the original 13 colonies?
Virginia (Was the first), Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maryland, Delaware, Georgia (Was the last of the original 13)
Who created the first stars and stripes?
The Continental Congress of Philadelphia
In what year were the stars and the stripes created?
After 1818, what did the Stars on the flag represent?
A star was added for each state admitted to the Union
When is Flag Day?
How is the United States flag displayed on memorial day?
Half-staff until noon, then raised to the top of the staff
What is Reveille?
Ceremonial raising of the flag.
What is Retreat?
Ceremonial lowering of the flag.
What are the only two flags that can be flown over the US flag?
The USN Church Pennant while flying at high sea and during services, and the United Nations flag in New York at the UN Headquarters
Texas Flag Colors
Red - Truth
White - Innocence and Purity
Blue - Vigilance, Justice, and perseverance
What class of uniform is normally worn during ceremonies, social functions, and formal inspections?
The class A uniform
The army blue coat is a part of what army uniform?
The Class A Uniform
How should the JROTC uniform be worn?
What regulation covers the wear of the uniform?
Army Regulation 670-1 and Cadet Command Regulation 145-2
What uniform is worn during ceremonies and social functions?
The Class A or B uniform
What is the nomenclature of the shirt worn under the Army Service Uniform?
Gray 510 short sleeve shirt
Who is authorized to wear shoulder cords?
The instructor staff may authorize a cadet to wear shoulder cords for participation in certain JROTC activities (Color/honor guard or drill/rifle)
When you salute during the playing of the star spangled banner, what are you saluting?
What are the first 10 amendments called?
Bill of Rights