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Terms in this set (36)
As part of a psychological assessment, a mental status exam is used to find out how a person thinks, feels, and behaves; its primary purpose, however, is to determine
if a psychological disorder might be present.
In a mental status exam, it is important to determine if the individual is "oriented times three." This refers to
person, place, and time.
In a mental status exam, a psychologist may assess all of the following EXCEPT
heart rate and respiration.
Lanya, recently came to the United States, and is just learning to speak English. She applies for a job and is given a test. When she sits down at a table with other job applicants that are taking the same test, she is informed that she has ten minutes to complete the test. After ten minutes, the employment service director collects Lanya's test, but the other job applicants are still working on their tests. That other job applicants were given more time to take the same test is an example of a problem with
IQ tests measure all of the following abilities EXCEPT
Clifton had been experiencing a number of psychological issues, so he decided to go to a psychiatrist to see what was wrong. Dr. A told him he had major depressive disorder. He decided to seek a second opinion. Dr. B diagnosed him with generalized anxiety disorder. Wanting yet another opinion, he went to Dr. C, who told him he was obsessive-compulsive. This demonstrates poor
All of the following are examples of psychophysiological assessment responses EXCEPT
Four-year-old Cindy Lou is very aggressive toward her peers, which results in poor peer relationships. A psychologist has been asked to assess Cindy Lou's aggressiveness and determine if she needs intervention. The psychologist would probably do what type of assessment?
Starke falsifies his answers on the MMPI so that he will look good. He will probably have a high score on the __________ scale.
A researcher studying the effect of a dietary supplement on sleep finds that research participants who take the supplement sleep an average of 8 hours and 25 minutes per night, while participants who were given a placebo pill with no active ingredients in it sleep for an average of 6 hours and 20 minutes. These findings are likely
Anna, a psychoanalytic psychologist, created an assessment that asks individuals to describe emotions elicited by vague, geometric shapes. Anna believes that the responses made by her patients will reveal their unconscious conflicts. After administering the assessment, she intends to draw conclusions about her patients' well-being from the content of these descriptions. This assessment belongs in the category of
Believing that it would not be helpful, a therapist refuses to use the DSM-5 or any other diagnostic system. One problem that we may expect for this therapist is that it may be difficult to
apply what has been learned from treating other patients with similar problems.
All of the following are potential dangers of assigning a diagnostic label EXCEPT
the patient's prognosis (future course of the disorder) becomes difficult to predict.
The crucial test of a diagnostic system's validity is whether it results in
the accurate diagnostic label for the patient.
The classical (or pure) categorical approach to diagnosis assumes that each person with a particular disorder will
experience the same symptoms with little or no variation.
One of the most important reasons to conduct cross-cultural research in psychopathology is that
we can understand more about psychopathology by understanding how culture impacts the experience of various disorders.
You are well into your first semester at a state university. Your psychology professor is conducting research and desperately needs more participants because the existing subjects keep running from the building screaming! She tells the class that everyone must be a subject to get a grade in the class and that there are no exceptions. In terms of ethical treatment of research subjects, her policy would
violate the informed consent concept of volunteerism.
Placebos are used in experiments to
control for the expectations of some research participants that they will improve just because they are in a research study.
According to the requirements of "informed consent," research participants in a blind, placebo-controlled study will be told
that they may or may not receive an active treatment.
One of the hallmarks of the experimental method that makes it different from a correlational study is that in an experiment,
a variable is manipulated in a way that would not have occurred naturally.
One important difference between a typical case study and the single-case experiment is that during the single-case experiment, behavior is generally
measured more than once.
A researcher separates the participants into two groups. Group A receives an active medication, and Group B receives an empty capsule that looks and feels like the real medication. Group B is the
A researcher studies the impact of cell phone use during class lectures on college students' exam scores. Whether the results of this study help us to understand the relationship between cell phone use during class lectures and work performance in real-life institutions is a question of
Mordred is having temper tantrums at home, at school, and at his grandparents' house. After working with the parents for a while, the therapist believes that the child is being rewarded for his tantrums in each setting because his teacher, parents, and grandparents generally give him what he wants just to make him stop yelling. The therapist devises a plan to stop his tantrums but first implements the plan at home, then the following week at school, and finally at the grandparents' home several weeks later. From a research perspective, this is an example of a(n)
multiple baseline design.
Monozygotic twins allow for unique genetic studies because they
have identical genes.
It can be important to use a double-blind procedure in a research study in order to prevent the
researcher's expectations from biasing the outcome.
A researcher is testing the effects of sunlight on depression. The independent variable is
Internal validity is defined as
the extent to which the results in a study can be explained by the independent variable.
In research studies, the term "effect size" refers to
how much each group of people (e.g., treated and untreated) in the study changes.
A researcher collects data comparing people with and without a disorder. The researcher is particularly interested in inherited tendencies that are not part of the disorder but that occur with much greater frequency in the people afflicted with it. The researcher is conducting a(n)
In a double-blind study,
neither the researcher providing the treatment nor the participants are aware of who is in the treatment and who is in the control group.
Given what we know about the effects of genes and the environment, which of the following pairs of children would be expected to be most similar in terms of overall personality, psychological disorders, and intelligence?
Biological siblings raised in the same house
Family studies are often used to help determine whether a psychological disorder has a genetic component. Which of the following patterns is typical for a disorder that is influenced by genetics?
Siblings of the person with the disorder are more likely than cousins to have the disorder, and cousins are more likely to have the disorder than the general public.
A researcher is studying how depression tends to be experienced by people of different ages. The researcher interviews depressed adolescents, young adults, individuals in their 30s and 50s, and those over 70. The research design being used is called
Combining the monozygotic twin and adoption studies, researchers often study identical twins raised in different families. This method helps researchers determine
the effect of environment without the confound of shared genes.
A new research study is published and becomes the "hot story" in the news today. This story concerns you because the researchers report that they are the first scientists to find a higher incidence of depression in individuals who are taking a particular vitamin—the same vitamin that your physician has had you taking for years. While this may be cause for you to investigate further, you probably shouldn't panic, because
without replication, the finding could just be due to coincidence.
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