30 terms

Music Appreciation Chapter 7

STUDY
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transcriptions
arrangements of music transferred from one medium to another.
conductor
director of an orchestra, choir, or other performing group
harmony
vertical blocks of different tones that sound simultaneously
rubato
free treatment of tempo within a musical phrase
symphony
extended work for orchestra with several contrasting movements
minor scale
a sequence of 8 pitches built on the pattern of one whole step, one half step, two hole steps, one half step, and two whole steps
"felt" time
term used to refer to an aspect of music that controls the listeners sense of how much time has passed
theme & variations
musical form in which a melodic idea is stated then varied in a succession of statements
arranger
a musician who reworks existing musical material
primary chords
harmonies are build on the first, forth, and fifth degrees of the scale
scale
used to build melodies
Johann Strauss II
composer of the "Blue Danube Waltz"
Marin Alsop
American conductor who received the "Barrier Breaker Award"
relative minor scale
playing or singing any major scale from LA to LA instead of DO to DO
John Lewis
pianist and founder of the Modern Jazz Quartet who transformed eighteenth-century work into "One Diamond"
Gustav Mahler
the classical composer and conductor who created an orchestration of the "Frere Jacques" theme
Johann Sebastian Bach
comoser of Toccata, Adagio, and Fuge in C Major for the organ
Duke Ellington
wrote "I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good," which was recorded by legendary Sarah Vaughn
Lute
Chinese version of the pipa
root of a chord
the tone on which the chord is built
Samuel Barber
composer of Adagio for Strings
Benny Goodman
wrote and transcribed "American Salute" for band
" When Johnny Comes Marching Home
a popular American song from the Revolutionary War period
I chord
most melodies begin and end with this chord
Eric Carmen
was inspired by Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No.2 and wrote "All By Myself"
three primary chords
collectively incorporate all 7 tones of the scale
creating variations on a theme
changing the key, tempo, rhythm, meter, texture, timbre, melody, harmony, or style
composer
A person who writes music; , someone who composes music as a profession
arranger
A musician who reworks existing musical material; He/she manipulates notes, harmonies, rhythms, and other musical elements.
transcriber
A person takes existing music and tries to transfer it (as it is) to another medium; assigns the music to a different set of players or singers, changing the medium of the music, but not the arrangement.