Terms in this set (14)
a way to organize society without a central government
a code of conduct for the knights
a series of holy wars
why was this time period called the middle ages?
- it connected the fall of rome to the renaissance
- it connected the ancient world to the modern world
who was charlemagne?
- the king of the franks
- crowned holy roman emperor by the pope in 800 AD
what did charlemagne do?
- started a school in his palace
- emphasized education for everyone
- cared for the poor
- revised the legal system and built roads
how was feudalism organized?
- in a pyramid
- kings and lords at the time
- knights protected everyone
- 90% of people were peasants
what were the causes of the crusades?
- to reclaim jerusalem from the muslims
- religious reasons
- military status
What were the effects of the crusades?
- more knowledge about muslims
- realization that they are not devil worshippers😶
- increased trade
- new inventions and ideas
- arabic numerals
what led to the rise of cities?
- improved farming techniques
- new farming technology
- extra food
- peasants being able to buy freedom
what did the magna carta do?
- limited the power of the english king
- lead to a more democratic government
the black death
- bubonic plague
- 1347 to 1351
- killed about 1/3 of europe
- carried by fleas on the back of rats
- lead to major advances in medicine and science (IMPORTANT)
what factors led to the end of the middle ages and the beginning of the renaissance?
- war and famine
- the black death
- peasants earning wages
- humanism grew
- the rise of cities
what is humanism?
the realization that humans can look to themselves for solutions and answers instead of always relying on god