30 terms

Poetry Unit Vocabulary- JPG

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scanning/scansion
analysis of meter in lines of poetry by marking stressed and unstressed syllables
accentual meter
a meter pattern formed by the number of stresses per line; unstressed syllables are not a part of the meter pattern; this is a primitive pattern, present in Old English poetry (e.g., Beowulf), in nursery rhymes, and, interestingly, in some modern poetry
accentual syllabic meter
a meter form in which the pattern includes both stressed and unstressed syllables, grouped into recurring two-syllable or three-syllable "metrical feet"
metrical foot
a group of syllables, either two syllables or three syllables in length, that form the recurring meter pattern in a line of poetry or verse
iamb (iambic)
a two-syllable metrical unit of verse in which the first syllable is unstressed and the second is stressed
trochee (trochaic)
a two-syllable metrical unit of verse in which the first syllable is stressed and the second is unstressed
spondee (spondaic)
a two-syllable metrical unit of verse consisting of two stressed syllables
pyrrhic
a two-syllable metrical unit of verse consisting of two unstressed syllables
anapest (anapestic)
a three-syllable metrical unit of verse consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable (dee-dee-DUM)
dactyl (dactylic)
a three-syllable metrical unit of verse consisting of one stressed followed by two unstressed syllables (DUM-dee-dee)
meter
in poetry and verse, a generally regular pattern of sound-units (either beats in accentual meter, or metrical feet in accentual syllabic meter) recurring within the lines of the poem or verse
iambic pentameter
poetic meter consisting of ten-syllable lines grouped into five iambs per line
enjambment
the continuation of a clause, read without a pause, beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza in a poem
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
caesura
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line
couplet
two end-rhyming lines of verse, usually in the same meter, that form a unit
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter and written in an elevated style
free verse
Poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme
blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter. Most of Shakespeare's plays are in this form.
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines, written in iambic pentameter, with a fixed rhyme scheme and line grouping consistent with one of several established styles (e.g., English and Petrarchan)
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
elegy
a poem of serious and often mournful reflection, typically a lament for the dead
ballad
a lyrical poem or song that tells a story
epic
A long narrative poem, written in heightened language, which recounts the deeds of a heroic character who embodies the values of a particular society
ode
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter
alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words
end rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry
slant rhyme
two words that have some sound in common but do not rhyme exactly
consonance
Repetition of identical or similar consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity