26 terms

Literary Devices and Terms One - JPG

This Quizlet is to test students' knowledge of the definitions of common literary devices.
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Terms in this set (...)

enjambment
In verse, the continuation of the sense, or of a clause, without a pause, beyond the end of one line and into the next
imagery
The use of language to represent objects, actions, feelings, thoughts, ideas, states of mind and any sensory or extra-sensory experience; we may distinguish between literal, perceptual and conceptual representations
idiom
an accepted and often used phrase or expression, peculiar to a specific language, having a meaning different from the literal, logical or grammatical meaning of the individual words constituting the phrase (e.g., raining cats and dogs, three sheets to the wind, made in the shade)
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as' so that the comparison is explicit)
metaphor
a figure of speech in which one thing is described in terms of another; a comparison is usually implicit
allegory
a story in prose, verse, or drama, with double meaning: a primary, literal interpretation (often but not always trivial), and a secondary, often hidden, meaning; in some cases there may be three or even four levels of interpretation; the form may be literary or pictorial
allusion
a reference, within a narrative, sometimes implicit, to a work of literature, a mythological story, a historical event, a well-known person or place, that the author assumes the reader will recognize and that will enhance or embellish the reader's interpretation and understanding of the story
tone
the attitude a writer takes towards a subject, character, event, or towards the reader, in a story or other work of art
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words, used a a tool to establish tone, mood and other effect
irony
an awareness or perception of a discrepancy or incongruity between words and their meaning (verbal irony), between actions and their results or between appearance and reality (both are examples of situational irony); dramatic irony occurs when the audience or reader knows something that the characters inside the story do not; in general, something unexpected
foreshadowing
the use of hints, clues, and prefigurations to suggest something will occur later in a plot
sarcasm
an expression of scorn, contempt, or ridicule, generally involving use of irony; tone can vary from lightheartedly humourous to bitterly contemptuous
satire
a literary or other work of art that ridicules, scorns, or criticizes a human vice of folly through humor or derision, often employing sarcasm and irony
symbol
something that stands for or represents something else
Reverie
An undirected train of thoughts or fancies in meditation; a state of pleasantly dreamy and absent-minded thought
lamentation
an expression (especially, a poem or song) of grief, regret, or sadness
foreboding
a feeling of approaching trouble or crisis (to forebode is to foretell, as in to utter a prophecy)
aphorism
a witticism, a proverb, a bit of folk wisdom, expressing some well-known truth
rumination
meditative or contemplative thought or reflection about something
tragedy
a standard plot form in which the protagonist, a tragic hero, is brought down by a combination of events, circumstances, and ,most importantly, a tragic character flaw (the tragic flaw), often requiring the protagonist to come to terms with that tragic flaw and/or with some existential reality
motif
a recurring element, verbal pattern, prop, within a story, strongly related to and supportive of its main themes and ideas
archetype
a basic model, from which copies can be identified across multiple works of art or literature, and across multiple literary or artistic traditions: thus, a protoype; examples include objects (e.g., swords or other weapons with names and magical powers, obelisks), events (e.g., floods that cover the earth, sunrises, battles of good and evil), character types (e.g., the rebel, the siren, the conquering hero), and even plots (e.g., quests, coming of age, rite of passage, journey)
dynamic character
a character in a literary work who goes through some form of fundamental transformation as result of events and interactions with other characters in the story
stereotype character
a character based on some generalized set of characteristics associated with a specific demographic, ethnic or other homogeneous group
sympathetic character
a character in a story in whom, by author intent, the reader or viewer becomes emotionally invested
empathetic character
a character in a story with whom the reader or viewer can personally identify on both an experiential and emotional level