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20 terms

Abnormal Conditions Skeletal System

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fracture
crack or break in a bone
closed reduction
involves positioning the bone in correct alignment, usually with traction, and applying a cast or splint to maintain position
open reduction
involves surgical repair of bone, pins, plates, and screws may be used to maintain the correct position of the bone
greenstick fracture
bone is bent and splits, causing a crack or incomplete break, usually in children
simple or closed fracture
complete break of the bone with no damage to the skin
compound or open fracture
bone breaks and ruptures through the skin
impacted fracture
broken bone, ends jam into each other, snowboarding, wrist injury
comminuted fracture
bone fragments or splinters into more than two pieces
spiral fracture
bone twists, resulting in one or more breaks, common in skiing and skating
depressed fracture
a broken piece of skull bone moves inward; common with severe head injuries
colles fracture
breaking and dislocation of the distal radius that causes a characteristic bulge at the wrist; caused by falling on an outstretched hand
dislocation
when a bone is forcible displaced from a joint
sprain
occurs when a twisting action tears the ligaments at a joint
arthritis
group of diseases involving inflammation of the joints
osteoarthritis
most common form of arthritis, usually results from aging, frequently affects the hips and knees
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic inflammatory disease that affects the connective tissues of the joints
osteoporosis
increased porosity or softening of the bones, metabolic disorder
ruptured disk
intervertebral disk ruptures or protrudes out of place and causes pressure on the spinal nerve
kyphosis
hunchback - rounded bowing of the back in the thoracic area
scoliosis
a side-to-side, or lateral curvature of the lumbar region