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Alexis de Tocqueville
The church-going nature of America was noted by this French observer
Also noted that rape in America was punishable by death, whereas in his home of France it was usually overlooked
sprang out of the Enlightenment (AKA "Age of Reason") and was based on scientific or logical reasoning rather than faith
religion drew followers even farther away from Christianity
• Believed God existed in 1 person ("uni"), but not in the Holy Trinity.
• Rejected the divinity of Christ.
• Believed people were essentially good at heart, not born under "original sin."
• Believed people were saved through "good works", not through faith in Christ.
• Attracted intellectual types, notably Ralph Waldo Emerson
• aka Adventists
• predicted Christ's return on October 22, 1844
• When this prophesy failed to materialize, the movement lost credibility
William H. McGuffey
wrote the McGuffey's Reader, contained english lessons and patriotic and moral lessons
American Temperance Society
• founded in Boston, 1826
• used a variety of methods to encourage temperance (discourage drinking)
Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention (1848)
• It wrote a "Declaration of Sentiments" arguing that "all men and women were created equal"
• It demanded female suffrage
• Neither of these things happened anytime soon, but the women's rights movement was born
was communal and embraced free love, birth control, and selecting parents to have planned children in New York 1848
Mother Ann Lee
Established the Shakers who stressed simplicity in their lives and separated the sexes, dyed by 1940
Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes
said that if all the medicines were thrown into the sea, the people would be better off and the fish worse
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Intellectual who favored Unitarian religion, most famous Transcendentalist, most famous writing Is Self Reliance stressing individualism
One of the leading preachers in the 2nd Great Awakening, a Methodist who traveled to preach
Charles Grandison Finney
A leading preachier in the 2nd Great Awakening, noted form being a most gifted speaker/preacher that could move the masses. Massive revivals in NY and Rochester in 1830's
Predicted Christ's return on October 22,1844 and main cause for the rise of the Millerites aka Adventists
1830- said to have been given the book of Mormon by an Angel, began the Mormon Church of Jesus Christ
Started the university of Virginia- free of politics and religion in 1819, invented a new type of plow
Improved treatment for the mentally insane in 1843 by petitioning to the Mass. legislature
Neil S. Dow
"Father of Prohibition" Sponsored the Maine Law of 1851 which prohibited the sale or manufacturing of alcohol
Wrote Knickerbockers History of New York1809 , Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle, settings was US
James Fennimore Copper
First blockbuster American fiction in Leatherstocking Tales, settings in wilderness NY
Henry David Thoreau
Lived the Transcendentalist life, lived in the woods off of what he could make himself , wrote On the Duty of Civil Disobedience which emphasized peacefully not following unjust laws
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