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the process of objectively examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities
Wilhelm Wundt; Edward Titchener; studying the structure and elements of the mind [emotions and sensations]
William James; how our behavior allows us to function/adapt; no longer around; impossible to break down the mind
focuses on perception and sensation, and perceptions of patterns and whole figures
therapy based on the theory of Freud, emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflicts; theory of personality
modern version of psychoanalysis; behavior is a result of unconscious determinants and early experience
behavior is a result of the environment; BF Skinner - operant conditioning, behavior is a result of reinforcement; Watson; Pavlov
people have freewill, the freedom to choose their own destiny; Abraham Maslow; Carl Rogers
behavior is a result of biological events occuring in the body, such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system
focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share; looks at the way the mind works and why it does; behavior is seen as having an adaptive or survival value
psychiatric social worker
a social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the environmental conditions
a deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause/effect relationships
a naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed
subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may recieve a placebo treatment
the phenomenon in which the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior
tendency of the experimenter's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study
neither the experimenter nor the subjects knows if the subjects are in the experimental or control group
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