Compact Bone Anatomy
Terms in this set (21)
A dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles.
perforating (Sharpey's) fibers
secure periosteum to underlying bone
end of bone
Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
remnant of epiphyseal plate
flat plate of hyaline cartilage seen in young, growing bone
yellow marrow/medullary cavity
cavity of the shaft; storage area for adipose tissue in adults
yellow marrow/medullary cavity (infants)
hematopoiesis, red marrow found here
Where is red marrow found in adults?
cavities of spongy bone and epiphyses of some long bones
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone.
dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the periosteum
a mature bone cell surrounded by bone matrix
small spaces between the lamellae which contain osteocytes
rings around the central canal, sites of lacunae
central (Haversian) canal
opening in the center of an osteon, carries blood vessels and nerves
osteon (Haversian system)
a unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
radiate outward from the central canals to all lacunae, form a transportation system that connects all bone cells to the nutrient supply through the hard bone matrix
perforating (Volkmann's) canals
At right angles to the central canal, connects blood vessels and nerves of the periosteum and central canal
a cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation.
bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue
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Posterior Body Landmarks
Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry Vocab (pg. 43-57)