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Terms in this set (30)
Resnick's Definition (1991)
clinical psychology involves research, teaching, and services to alleviate intellectual, emotional, behavioral, psychological, social, and biological maladjustments.
Trained in medical profession, a psychiatrist primarily uses the medical model in diagnosis and treatment of patients or clients.
The Psychiatric Social Worker
Social workers usually take the background history of a person, including the existing problems, and conduct family interviews. Now they are mushing more with the other jobs. Get a masters in Social Work
3. The Counseling Psychologist
A counseling psychologist usually works with normal or moderately mal-adjusted persons. They use both interview and testing, and work in counseling centers. Recently they have become less interested in vocational or career counseling and more interested in private practice.
4. The School Psychologist
work with educators to improve the intellectual, social, and emotional growth of school children.
5. The Rehabilitation Psychologist
Their focus is on people who are physically or cognitively disabled. They usually work in rehabilitation centers or institutes or hospitals.
6. The Health Psychologist
They are involved in the prevention and treatment of illnesses, usually before problems begin.
7. Psychiatric Nurses
These persons usually work in a hospital, managing the patients' treatment plans.
8. The Paraprofessionals
These persons are trained to assist professional mental health workers, even though they may not have a degree in the field.
9. Mental Health Counselors
These persons usually have a master's degree in counseling or psychology and require a license to practice.
This is the most frequently engaged activity involving individual, groups, couples, etc.
Diagnosis refers to labeling an illness.
Assessment may include observation, interview, or testing.
Psychological testing was the chief function for many years.
Clinical psychologists hold full or part-time academic positions. They teach various courses on both graduate and undergraduate levels.
(d) Clinical Supervision
This process involves one-to-one teaching and supervising.
An increased interest in research is noted over the years.
Forms and setting for consultation vary, extending from clinical cases to business matters, personnel, etc.
Clinical psychologists serve on various committees or head psychology departments or schools, etc.
2. Employment Sites
Private practice has grown over the years and is the most frequent employment setting for clinical psychologists.
University settings follow next.
The nomothetic approach
refers to understanding general principles of behavior of people.
The idiographic approach
refers to understanding individual differences.
is usually based on the clinician's subjective or intuitive awareness.
The art should be complemented with the science in the practice of clinical psychology.
1. An Overview
The training of a clinical psychologist involves five years of graduate work after the bachelor's degree. However, the number of persons with master's degree is fast growing.
The American Psychological Association (APA) insists on a doctoral degree as a pre-requisite of being called a clinical psychologist. However, Master's level practitioners are attractive6 alternative, especially mental health counselors.
2. Clinical Training Programs
The philosophy in clinical psychology training is still the scientist-practitioner model. (Please see Table 1-5). This table presents a typical program of study following the scientist-practitioner model. Each school has its own flavor. Some are cognitive-behaviorally oriented; some have a psychodynamic orientation, etc.
(a) Course work
These are aimed to fulfill the scientist-practitioner model in clinical psychology.
(b) Practicum work
Clinical practica is very important. Some universities have psychological clinics for practicum.
The student is urged to develop research competency. A thesis is designed to contribute new information to the field
(d) The Internship
This is a vital part of any program. It involves gaining experience in real professional settings.
(e) The Qualifying Examination
This is also called the preliminary examination or the comprehensive examination.
Step One - Know Your Program
Different schools have different programs. Some emphasize research and some are practice-oriented. Consult APA graduate programs
Step Two- Application Materials
Test Scores - The GRE scores are required by all schools.
Miller Analogies Test may also be required. Other requirements are stated in the textbook.
About 90% of all doctoral programs in clinical psychology use GRE scores to screen applicants. It is more difficult to get into a Ph.D. program than a Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology) program.
More women than men receive their doctorates in clinical psychology.
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