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APUSH Chapter 17 Vocab
Terms in this set (26)
Powerful leader of the AFL
Wrote Looking Backward (1888). A futuristic novel about the government distributing a single great trust equally among the people
fraternal cooperation had replaced competition
philosophy known as nationalism
California writer and activist
wrote Progress and Poverty (1879)
proposed distribution of wealth also single tax meaning all taxes in one.
Most famous promoter of the Gospel of Wealth,
wrote over 100 novels- all tributes to american social mobility.
A highly successful banker who bought out Carnegie. With Carnegie's holdings and some others, he launched U.S Steel and made it the first billion dollar corporation.
John D. Rockefeller
He created the Standard Oil Company, the most widely celebrated corporation of the century. He used both vertical and horizontal integration to ensure his monopoly and wealth.
Henry Clay Frick
The ruthless associate of Andrew Carnegie, he ended all negotiation with a labor union causing them to go on strike.
A Scottish immigrant who
in 1873 opened his own steelworks in Pittsburg and dominated the industry. He also
wrote The Gospel of Wealth and was well known for his giving to the community.
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Created new principle of scientific management known as "Taylorism."
Wilbur and Orville Wright
The Wright brothers invented and continuously improved the first flying airplane.
Invented the first car using a gas run engine. His cars became widely popular and expanded across the nation.
American Federation of Labor
Known as the AFL 1886; founded by Samuel Gompers; sought better wages, hrs, working conditions; skilled laborers, arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor, rejected socialist and communist ideas, non-violent.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
A bomb thrown at protest rally, police shot protestors, caused great animosity in employers for workers' unions. Many killed and wounded
1892 steelworker strike near Pittsburgh against the Carnegie Steel Company. Ten workers were killed in a riot when "scab" labor was brought in to force an end to the strike.
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level.
John Peter Altgeld
Governor of Illinois during the Haymarket riots, he pardoned three convicted bombers in 1893, believing them victims of the "malicious ferocity" of the courts.
Knights of Labor
1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
An active, militant Irish organization of farmers based in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields who are believed responsible for much violence.
National Labor Union
1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing.
a management theory using efficiency experts to examine each work operations and find ways to minimize the time needed to complete it.
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background. Also a survival of the fittest in society.
When an owner of a company owns all necessary parts for his company as to rid of the middle men.
Women's a Trade Union League
a U.S. organization of both working class and more well-off women formed in 1903 to support the efforts of women to organize labor unions and to eliminate sweatshop conditions.
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