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CCAC PTA 102: Soft Tissue Definitions
Terms in this set (75)
abnormal adherence of collagen fibers to surrounding structures during immobilization, following trauma, or surgery which resists normal elasticity of structure involved
abnormal immobility of stiffness of the joint caused by fibrous or bony tissue bridging the joint space
a sheet like layer of dense, regularly arranged connective tissue joining one muscle with another or with a bone
pain in a joint
injection of radio-opaque dye or air (or a combination) into synovial cavity to detect injuries or other abnormalities of articular cartilage, fibrocartilaginous menisci, capsule and ligaments
fixation of a joint in a flexed or contracted position; may be due to adhesions in or around the joint
a reconstructive operation performed on a joint previously damaged by trauma or disease, designed to improve, as far as possible, the integrity and functional power of the joint
a fiber optic device which when passed through a small incision allows direct visualization of the interior of a joint
the operation of cutting into a joint
the act of withdrawing fluid from a joint through a needle
a forced tearing away of a part or structure
synovial cyst arising from the synovial lining of the knee, occurring in the popliteal fossa
removal of a bursa
an inflammatory reaction within a bursa
surgical cutting of a joint capsule
painful, burning sensations, usually along the distribution of a nerve
inflammation of cartilage
healing by scar formation
A persistent shortening of a muscle after it has remained in a shortened position for a prolonged period of time, thus limiting range of motion. It may further develop into a fibrous contracture.
a bruise; an injury where the skin is not broken
the surgical scraping of a bone with a sharp cut-shaped instrument called a curette
meaning "joint part," the act of surgically disjointing, or separation at the joint
displacement of the opposing contiguous surface of a joint, usually due to trauma
adaptive shortening of soft tissue with resulting loss of mobility
irregularly formed hemorrhagic area of skin
swelling; the body tissue contains an excessive amount of tissue fluid
joint effusion an excessive amount of fluid in the joint
"Observation within" The act of examining visually the inside hollow organ of the body
The act of cutting away or cutting out
a sheet or a broad band of fibrous connective tissue beneath the skin or around muscles and other organs of the body
protrusion of muscular tissue through its fascial covering
A group of common non-specific illness characterized by pain, tenderness and stiffness of joint capsules, and adjacent structures. Systemic symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, and depression may be present.
A thin walled cystic lesion containing thick, clear, mucinous fluid in periarticular tissues, joint capsule and tendon sheaths.
A mass of nervous tissue lying outside the brain and spinal cord
Necrosis, death of tissue usually due to deficient or absent blood supply.
transplantation of a piece of skin, bone, or other living tissue from one body, or place on a body to another place
forms across a wound or surgical incision to provide framework
bleeding into a joint usually from a severe trauma
A swelling or mass of (usually clotted) blood confined to an organ or space caused by a break in a blood vessel.
Rupture or herniation of the nucleus pulposus usually between the lumbar vertebra causing pain on the affected side
disruption of the structures inside a joint
An excessive amount of scar formation in the skin following trauma or surgical incision. The result is a firm raised thickened red scar that may grow for a prolonged period of time. The increase is due to abnormally high amounts of collagen in the tissue.
a rough, jagged tear in the skin caused by foreign object
tennis elbow; inflammation of the tissues surrounding the lateral epicondyle of the humerus
surgical removal of the meniscus cartilage of the knee
Lack of symmetry in muscle groups when considering muscle length and muscle strength. This asymmetry may be seen in one side compared to the contralateral side or in one muscle group compared to another.
An abnormal, sustained low-grade muscle contracture usually the result of pain.
instrument used for tracing movements caused by muscular contractions
inflammation of or bleeding into a muscle followed by ossification
death of an area of tissue or bone surrounded by healthy parts. Called "slough" in soft tissue.
joint injury involving detachment of cartilage and bone from articulating surfaces
Fracture of a diseased or weakened bone. The underlying causes may be from primary cancer, cancer of the bone or osteoporosis.
one of several anatomical structures in which there is a folding over of the parts
sensory receptors responsible for deep sensations found in muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and fascia
Charley Horse; Pain and tenderness in the fibromuscular tissue of the thighs usually due to muscle strain or tear. Characterized by sudden onset and aggravation upon movement
surgical cutting of fascia to lengthen it
cancer arising from connective tissue such as bone or muscle
chronic disease-causing sclerosis of the skin and certain organs. The skin is taut and firm. Feels tough and leathery, may itch and later become hyperpigmented. Occurs 4 times more in women.
Pain in the anterior compartment of the tibia, usually following strenuous exercise. The cause is ischemia of the muscles in the compartment and minute tears in the tissues.
a defect in the pars interarticularis of the vertebrae
the bursa located between the deltoid muscle and the capsule of the shoulder joint.
partial displacement of the bones forming a joint
syndesmosis- a joint which allows no active motion, where broad osseous surfaces are separated by a zone of connective tissue (i.e. the skull)
adjacent bony surface connected by a cartilaginous disc, limited ROM, much stability (i.e. sternomanubrial joint)
specialized type of joint, where the two opposing surfaces are covered by hyaline cartilage and which generally allow unrestricted movement
inflammation of a synovial membrane of a joint
lubricating fluid of the joints
surgical excision of the synovial membrane of the joint
an inflammatory reaction of a tendon
surgical lengthening of a tightened or contracted tendon
surgical relocation of the tendon of a normal muscle to another site to take over the function of a muscle permanently inactivated by trauma or disease
surgical cutting of a tendon
inflammation of a tendon sheath
injury to the cervical spine, due to the head exceeding the normal ROM. Angle that the restraining soft tissue yield
injury to a ligament
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