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Patho Test #1- Every practice question from lectures
Terms in this set (27)
Which of the following is an example of the clinical manifestation known as a sign?
D. Loss of appetite
Which of the following is an example of a factor that would affect the epidemiology of a particular disease?
A. Predictive value
B. Southeast Asian ethnicity
C. Circadian rhythms
C. Clinical manifestations
Which of the following is an example of primary prevention?
A. maintaining routine immunizations
B. screening for cancer
C. rehabilitating after a stroke
D. performing monthly breast exams
Which of the following is an example of a stressor?
A. Using a cell phone while driving
B. Being exposed to air pollution
C. Running in the dark
D. Having inadequate immunizations
A physiologic response to the release of catecholamines during the stress response would be:
A. increased gastric motility
B. Constriction of pupils
C. Increased glycogenolysis
D. Decreased heart rate
Most homeostatic mechanisms function on a negative-feedback principle, which facilitates:
A. minimal response to environmental changes.
B. an amplified response.
C. a rapid response rate.
D. steady-state stability.
John was recently exposed to group A hemolytic streptococcus and subsequently developed a pharyngeal infection. Examination reveals T.103°F, skin rash, reddened throat mucosa. He complains of sore throat, malaise, and joint stiffness. The etiology of John's disease is:
A. a sore throat
B. streptococcal infection
C. genetic susceptibility
Which of the following assessment findings indicates an alteration in John's homeostatic control mechanisms?
B. throat pain
C. joint stiffness
D. positive throat culture
Which of the following is a statement about pathogenesis?
A. pharyngitis is caused by group A hemolytic streptococcus infection.
B. streptococcal infection activates immune cells leading to inflammation.
C. sore throat and mucosal inflammation are common signs and symptoms of pharyngeal infection.
D. antibiotics are the treatment of choice for streptococcal infection.
Tom is 28 years old with chronic back pain. He is in the hospital in preparation for back surgery the next day. The preoperative laboratory tests show a slightly elevated blood glucose level. This may be attributed to:
A. The NPO status prior to surgery.
B. Increased cortisol level release in response to stress.
C. Decreased physical activity while in the hospital.
D. A side effect of the pain medication.
Indicators that an individual is experiencing stress include all of the following except:
C. peripheral vasoconstriction.
D. pupil constriction.
A patient complains of a cold more frequently since her motor cycle accident 6 years ago. Considering the physiologic effects of chronic stress you know that:
A. The immune system may be depressed.
B. This is unrelated to her chronic stress.
C. Excessive secretion of endorphins increases sensitivity to viruses.
D. This is related to ineffective coping skills.
Evidence-based treatments are:
A. Derived from an understanding of pathophysiology.
B. Based on results of sound clinical research.
C. Drawn from anecdotal reports of what is effective.
D. Limited availability.
A. a subjective experience that is difficult to measure objectively.
B. associated with changes in vital signs
reflecting its intensity.
C. experienced in the same way by all individuals.
D. always the result of tissue damage that
The findings of increased blood pressure, pulse, and respiration in a patient are characteristic of pain that is:
Transmission of pain signals occurs through:
A. afferent sensory nerves.
B. the pituitary gland.
C. the release of neurotransmitters.
D. the hypothalamus.
Slow pain sensation is transmitted primarily by:
A. group I-a afferents.
B. a motor neurons.
C. unmyelinated C fibers.
D. A-d fibers.
Which of the following would be indicative of a left tension pneumothorax?
A. Course crackles throughout the left chest
B. Tracheal deviation to the left
C. Absent breath sounds on the left.
D. Increased lung density on the left
The major reason for air trapping in emphysema is:
B. bronchial edema.
C. loss of radial traction.
D. excessive mucus secretion.
Pamela is a 23-yr-old college student in good health, lifts wts regularly & maintains a high-protein, low-fat diet. She is injured in a MVA & confined to bed for 4 days in the hospital with a broken leg. On the 5th day of hospitalization, Pamela suddenly becomes very short of breath. She seems unable to get enough air & begins to hyperventilate. A CXR is obtained, but appears normal. Considering the information presented, what is the most likely cause of Pamela's respiratory distress?
A. sudden onset of asthma
B. noncardiogenic pulmonary edema
D. pulmonary embolism
Clinical manifestations of pulmonary hypertension include:
A. systemic BP > 130/90.
B. productive cough & rhonchi bilaterally.
C. dyspnea on exertion & paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
D. peripheral edema & JVD.
The progression of chronic bronchitis is best halted by:
A. regular use of bronchodilators.
B. smoking cessation.
C. postural chest drainage techniques.
D. identification of early signs of infection.
Which of the following is a true statement?
A. Hypoventilation causes hypocapnia.
B. Hyperventilation causes hypercapnia.
C. Hyperventilation causes hypocapnia.
D. Hyperventilation results in an increased PaCO2.
_______involves an abnormally enlarged gas-exchanged system and the destruction of alveolar walls:
Clinical manifestations of inspiratory and expiratory wheezing, dyspnea, nonproductive cough & Tachypnea are indicative of:
A. chronic bronchitis.
Clinical manifestations of decreased exercise tolerance, wheezing, SOB & productive cough are indicative of:
A. chronic bronchitis.
Clinical manifestations that include unexplained weight loss, dyspnea on exertion, use of accessory muscles, and tachypnea with prolonged expiration are indicative of:
A. chronic bronchitis.
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