Foundations of Chinese Medicine 2: Qi, Essence, and Blood
Terms in this set (93)
What is Yuan Qi (in English)?
Original Qi/Primary Qi
Yuan Qi derived from
Yuan Qi is located
in the area between the two kidneys
What is Gu Qi (in English)?
Gu Qi derived from
Spleen and Stomach
What is Ying Qi (in English)?
Where is Ying Qi?
flows inside the blood vessels and is heavier (more yin)
What is Wei Qi (in English)?
Where is Wei Qi?
flows in the soft tissues on the exterior of the body and is lighter (more yang)
Ying Qi _________, while Wei Qi _________________.
What is Zong Qi (in English)?
Zong Qi is made of
pure air and pure food essence
Where is Zong Qi?
It gathers in the chest and is associated with the throat (speech) and rhythm of the breath and heartbeat
What is Zhen Qi (in English)?
What is Zheng Qi (in English)?
What is Zheng Qi?
all types of Qi that play a role against pathogenic external factors (Xie/Evil Qi)
What does Zheng Qi include?
Ying Qi, Wei Qi, and Kidney Essence
What is Zhong Qi (in English)?
Where is Zhong Qi?
Qi of the middle jiao, between the spleen and stomach; the power of digestion
Which jiao correlates to Da Qi?
Which jiao correlates to Gu Qi?
Which jiao correlates to Yuan Qi?
Da + Gu = ?
Zong + Yuan =
What are the 4 directions of Qi?
Ascending (Rising), Descending, Entering, Exiting
Lung Qi Directions
All four directions: ascends, descends, enters and exits
Heart Qi Directions
ascends, descends, exits
Spleen Qi Directions
Liver Qi Directions
Kidney Qi Directions
ascends, descends, enters
Pericardium Qi Directions
6 Yang Organ Qi Directions
San Jiao Qi Directions
ascends and exits
heat and fire
Qi Deficiency, then yang deficiency
Yang -> Qi -> Xue -> Yin (least to most)
Qi slows down in all directions
Qi stagnation organs
LV, SP, ST, and LU
Qi Stagnation Symptoms
distending, fullness, dull/wandering pain, PMS, gas and bloating, etc
too much Qi ascending or insufficient Qi descending
Qi Rebellion Organs
LV, ST, LU
Qi Rebellion Symptoms
cough, asthma, vomiting, nausea, hiccups, acid reflux, anger/irritability, headaches
DEFICIENT type; due to too much Qi descending w/ not enough Qi ascending
Qi Prolapse Organs
Qi Prolapse Symptoms
internal organ prolapse, full or sinking sensation in the lower abdomen, miscarriage, frequent urination, chronic loose stools or diarrhea
EXCESS type; due to excessive entering of Qi or insufficient exiting of Qi
Qi Closing Organs
Qi Closing symptoms
cyanosis, stuffiness in the chest, pricking pain the the left upper arm; inhaling toxic gas - clenched teeth and clenched jaw and hands, upstaring eyes, loss of consciousness
DEFICIENT condition; due to over exiting and insufficient entering of Qi
Qi Collapse Organs
LU, HT, KI
Qi Collapse Symptoms
spontaneous and profuse sweating, incontinence of urine and stool, loss of consciousness; normally happens at end of life when yin and yang separate
Which organs are most associated with blood?
LV, HT, and SP
Where is blood produced?
What are the six functions of Qi?
What is essence?
fluid-like vital substance that is the most basic and important; it makes you, you!
From your parents
makes individuals unique
Makes resilience, constitution, immunity, emotional strength
derived originally from SP and ST
Where is essence stored?
Qi is the ________________ of __________________,
Blood is the ________________ of _________.
What is the main function of blood?
nourish, moisten, and lubricate
What is the main function of Qi?
Transport and move
Functions of Essence
1. growth, reproduction, development
2. basis of kd qi
3. produces marrow
4. basis of constitutional strength and resilience to disease
5. makes body more efficient
6. governs the 7 year cycle in women (8 in men)
Kidneys are the _____ most vital organ, and essence is the ________ most vital substance.
Yuan (Original) Qi helps the transformation of:
Zhong (Gathering) Qi in to Zhen (True) Qi
Yuan (Original) Qi helps transform Gu (Food) Qi into
Yuan Qi comes out at the
Yuan Source Points
Gu (Food) Qi is the origin of
Qi and Blood
Gu (Food) Qi rises to the chest where it combines with Da (Air) Qi to form
Zong (Gathering) Qi
Gu (Food) Qi rises to the chest where in the HT it is transformed into
Zong (Gathering) Qi combines with Yuan (Original) Qi to make
Zhen (True) Qi
Zong (Gathering) Qi nourishes
HT and LU
Zong (Gathering) Qi promotes
blood circulation to extremeties
Zhen (True) Qi originates from
Zong (Gathering) Qi
Zhen (True) Qi assumes 2 forms:
Ying (Nutritive) Qi and Wei (Defensive) Qi
Zhong (Central) Qi is the true Qi of the
SP and ST. It is the SP's function of transportation and transformation
Qi Deficiency Symptoms
shortness of breath
Blood deficiency symptoms
night blindness/floaters/blurred vision
dry, brittle nails
dry, brittle hair
HT Transformation of Blood
Where the blood is transformed
HT Qi provides power necessary for the transformation
Blood is the color of the HT (color can be used to assess the HT)
HT Transportation of Blood
The HT Qi and Yang send blood through the whole body
blood vessels (HT made up of same tissues as blood vessels)
the materials for blood transformation
Where blood BEGINS:
materials to the HT via the LU
blood in its vessels and prevents bleeding
menstruation and blood quality in circulation
LV is the logistical home-base
for body functions
LU provide support for
a hundred vessels
LU purify blood through
the exchange of Qi (keep body clean)
KI essence can be transformed into ________________ directly, if needed
Yuan (Primary Qi) is stored in the
region between the kidneys
Yuan (Primary) Qi assists the
transformation process of Blood
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