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Civics Chapter 10
Terms in this set (43)
Why do people join political parties?
to share ideas with others who feel as they do
an association of voters with broad common interests who want to influence or control decision making in government by electing the party's candidates to public office
What type of party system does the United States have?
a system of government in which two parties compete for power
Why did the leaders who wrote the Constitution not want political parties?
They feared that the parties would lead to divisions that would weaken the new nation.
Who were the leaders of the first two political parties?
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
What party did Thomas Jefferson form and why?
He formed the Democratic-Republican party to oppose Federalists
What party did Alexander Hamilton form and why?
He formed the Federalist Party because he believed that there should be a strong central government
Why did the Democratic Party form?
Because they supported Andrew Jackson
Why did the National Republican Party form?
To oppose Andrew Jackson
Why did the Republican Party form?
To oppose slavery
Who was the first Republican president?
Why did the Whig Party dissolve?
Because slavery was a more important issue
to give special importance to
Since when have the Democrats and republicans remained our major parties?
to advance a cause or idea
a political party that challenges the two major parties
What are the types of third parties?
Single issue, ideological, and one with a leader
How can a third party candidate be on the ballot?
They must gather enough signatures from a large number of voters on a petition.
a series of statements expressing a party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
How do Democrats and Republicans differ?
Democrats believe the federal government should be more directly involved in regulating the economy. Republicans favor less government regulation of the economy.
What does it mean to be a national party?
They usually field candidates in elections throughout the country
What is one way the major parties try to appeal to voters?
They can adopt moderate views
How are political parties organized?
local, state, national
What does a party's national committee do?
It organizes the party's national convention and raises money for presidential election.
How are delegates chosen?
through presidential primary elections
a meeting of political party members to conduct party business
representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party
Who runs the county committee?
a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
located next to
a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
What are the types of direct primary?
open and closed
an election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party's nominees
an election in which voters need not declare their party preference
the most votes among all those running for a political office
a number that is more than 50 percent of the total
What happens when no candidate receives a majority in the primary?
The party holds a second primary called a runoff
What is the role of a political party?
support candidates, communicate with citizens, run the government, link different parts of government, act as a watchdog over government
Who was the first Democratic president?
What does a political party write every four years when a presidential candidate is nominated?
Why don't third parties usually last very long?
their cause loses importance, is adopted by a major party, or their candidate is defeated
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