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J.F., a 67-year-old woman, was involved in an auto accident and flown by emergency helicopter to your facility. She sustained a ruptured spleen, fractured pelvis, and compound fractures of the left femur. On admission (5 days ago) she underwent a splenectomy. Her pelvis was stabilized with an external fixation device 3 days ago, and yesterday her left femur was stabilized using balanced suspension with skeletal traction. She has a Thomas splint with a Pearson attachment on her left leg. She has 20 pounds ( of skeletal traction and 5 pounds ) applied to the balanced suspension. Her left femur is elevated off the bed at approximately 45 degrees. The lower leg is parallel to the bed and lies in a sling that the nurse adjusts on the frame, and the foot hangs freely. This morning, J.F. was transferred to your orthopedic unit for specialized care. You are the nurse assigned to care for her on the night shift.
What are characteristics of skeletal traction? Select all that apply.
a. Traction weights are usually 5 to 10 pounds to .
b. Traction weights range from 5 to 45 pounds ( to ).
c. Used for short-term treatment, 48 to 72 hours.
d. The primary goal is to align injured bones and joints.
e. Tape, boots, or splints are attached directly to the skin.
f. The primary goal is to reduce muscle spasms in the injured extremity.
g. Traction is applied using pins or wires that are surgically inserted into the bone.