Unit 5: The Jazz Age-Roaring 20s Essential Terms
Terms in this set (20)
Reduction of armed forces and weapons. Forced on the Weimar Republic of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles.
A person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority. Sacco and Vanzetti were anarchists. Anarchists are typically considered harmful to society.
Command system, government owns the means of production, economic decisions are made by central government, and government provides extensive social programs for population. As seen through history, purely communists governments have failed due to abuse of power by the ruling class.
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas. Initiated by Mitchell Palmer in the 1919-1920 Palmer Raids.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested (1920), tried and executed (1927) for a robbery/murder, they were believed by many to have been innocent but convicted because of their immigrant status and radical political beliefs.
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs. For the most part, took place during WWI while many white men were off fighting in Europe.
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success...until the Great Depression hit. the dependence on one another that this plan involved exacerbated the problems that the Depression created.
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil-drilling rights on government land in return for money. Showed the power that private corporations possessed over the government.
African American poet who described the rich culture of African American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Term used to describe the image of the liberated, urbanized 1920s, with a flapper as a dominant symbol of that era. Many rural, fundamentalist Americans deeply resented the changes in American culture that occurred in the "Roaring 20s."
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment. Was pushed by women trying to liberate their men of the detriments of alcoholism.
A place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during prohibition. These were prevalent and popular during the Prohibition.
One who sells illegal alcohol. Only applicable during the Prohibition. The vast majority of organized crime during the Prohibition revolved around bootlegging.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect). A common example of this is the teaching of creationism to children in school.
Carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s. Many people saw the bold, boyish look and shocking behavior of flappers as a sign of changing morals. Though hardly typical of American women, the flapper image reinforced the idea that women now had more freedom.
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished. It was caused by the Great Migration. The Jazz Age was birthed out of the Harlem Renaissance.
A cultural movement embracing human empowerment and rejecting traditionalism as outdated. Rationality, industry, and technology were cornerstones of progress and human achievement. One famous example of its creeping prevalence in American Society.
1925 court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools. The teaching of the theory of evolution by science teacher John Scopes caused the case to occur.