American Pageant 15th edition Chapter 1
Terms in this set (34)
The Aztecs were a Native American Empire who lived in Mexico. Their capital was Tenochtitlan. They horsewhipped everything around them especially the sun. Cortes conquered them in 1521.
The Pueblo Indians lived in the Southwestern United States. They built extensive irrigation systems to water their primary crop, which was corn. Their houses were multi-storied buildings made of adobe.
Joint stock Companies
These were developed to gather the savings from the middle class to support finance colonies. Ex: London Company
"Invincible" group of ships sent by King Phillip II of Spain to invade England in 1588; Armada was defeated by smaller, more maneuverable English "sea dogs" in the Channel; marked the beginning of English naval dominance and fall of Spanish dominance
The idea developing during North American colonial times that the Spanish utterly destroyed the Indians through Slavery and disease while the English did not. It is false assertion that the Spanish were more evil towards the Native Americans than the English.
Spanish explorers that invaded Central and South America for it's riches during the 1500's. In doing so they conquered the Incas, Aztecs, and other Native Americans of the area.
After the Middle Ages there was a rebirth of culture in Europe where art and science were developed.
Geological shape of North America; 10 million years ago; head the northeast corner of North America in place; the first part of North America to come above sea level
of the Ohio River Valley and the Mississippian culture of the lower Midwest did sustain some large settlements after the incorporation of corn planting into their way of life during the first millennium AD. The Mississippian settlement at Cohokia, near present-day East St. Louis, Ill., was perhaps home to 40,000 people in about AD 1100. But mysteriously, around the year 1300, both the Mound Builder and the Mississippian cultures had fallen to decline.
Aztec Chieftain; encountered Cortes and the Spanish and saw that they rode horses; assumed that the Spanish were gods. He welcomed them with hospitably, but the explorers soon turned on the natives and ruled them for three centuries.
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government to find a passage to the Far East. He is given credit for discovering the "New World," even though at his death he believed he had made it to India. He made four voyages to the "New World." The first sighting of land was on October 12, 1492, and three other journies until the time of his death in 1503.
He was a spanish explorer who conquered the Native American civilization of the Aztecs in 1519 in what is now Mexico
A spanish soldier and commander; in 1540, he led an expedition north from Mexico into Arizona; he was searching for the legendary Seven Cities of Gold, but only found Adobe pueblos.
Treaty of Tordesillas
In 1494 Spain and Portugal were disputing the lands of the new world, so the Spanish went to the Pope, and he divided the land of South America for them. Spain got the vast majority, the west, and Portugal got the east.
Race of people created when the Spanish intermarried with the surviving Indians.
Italian explorer; spent many years in China or near it ; his return to Europe in 129 sparked a European interest in finding a quicker route to Asia.
New World conqueror; Spanish conqueror who crushed the Inca in Peru; took gold and silver and enslaved them in 1532
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish Explorer; in 1513 and in 1521, he explored Florida, thinking it was an island. Looking for gold and the "fountain of youth", he failed in his search for the fountain of youth but established Florida as territory for the Spanish, before being killed by a Native American arrow.
Hernando de Soto
Spanish Conquistador; explored in 1540's from Florida west to the Mississippi with six hundred men in search of gold; discovered the Mississippi, a vital North American river.
Isabella of castille
The queen of Spain and wife of Ferdinand of Aragon, she was responsible for granting Columbus the means to try to find a new route to India and was partially responsible (along with Ferdinand) for uniting Spain as one country
Bartolome de las casas
First bishop of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. He devoted most of his life to protecting Amerindian peoples from exploitation. His major achievement was the New Laws of 1542, which limited the ability of Spanish settlers to compel Amerindians to labor.
Ferdinand of Aragon
He married Isabella of Castile to form a union for Spain (though they were never politically united). He and Isabella worked together to form a strong infantry army in Spain.
Female Indian slave who served as interpreter for Cortes
Italian explorer who landed in present-day Newfoundland but told people he had found Cathay
Robert de La Salle
Frenchman who followed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, claiming the region for France and naming it Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV
Father Junipero Serra
A major Canadian Franciscan friar that founded the mission chain in California. He was a great promoter of the spread of Christianity because of his missions.
an ancient settlement of southern Indians, located near present day St. Louis, it served as a trading center for 40,000 at its peak in A.D. 1200.
beans growing on the trellis of the cornstalks and squash covering the plants mounds to retain moisture in the soil.
In trading systems, those dealers who operate between the original buyers and the retail merchants who sell to consumers.
An exchange of goods, ideas and skills from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
An economic system based on private property and free enterprise.
Spanish term for the night of June 30, 1520, when war began between Aztecs and Spanish, leading to Spanish conquest of Mexico
Battle of Acoma
Fought between Spaniards under Don Juan De Onate and the Pueblo Indians in present-day New Mexico. Spaniards brutally crushed the Pueblo peoples and established the territory as New Mexico in 1609. Spanish also severed one foot of every survivor
An Indian uprising in 1680 where pueblo rebels in an attempt to resist catholicism and Europeans all together destroyed every catholic church in the province and killed scores of priests and hundreds of spanish settlers.