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Terms in this set (47)
is a socially defined position in a group or in a society.
the behavior-the rights and obligations-expected of someone occupying particular status
a status that is assigned according to standards that are beyond a person's control
A status that is acquired by an individual on the basis of some special skill, knowledge, or ability.
The status that plays the greatest role in shaping a person's life and determine his or her social identity.
are corresponding roles that define the patterns of interaction between related statuses
the socially determining behaviors expected of a person performing a role.
actual behavior of a person performing a role
The different roles attached to a single status
Occurs when fulfilling the role expectations of one status makes it difficult to fulfill the role expectations of another status.
Occurs when a person has difficulty meeting the role expectations of a single status.
a system a statuses, roles, values and norms that is organized to satisfy one or more of the basic needs of society.
is a set of two or more people who interact on the basis of shared expectations and who possess some degree of common identity.
When people gather in the same time at the same place but they lack organization or lasting patterns of interaction.
a means of classifying people according to a shared trait or a common status.Examples include students, women, and the elderly.
is a small group of people who interact over a relatively long period of time on direct and personal basis.
is a group in which interaction is impersonal and temporary in nature
any group with whom individuals identify and whose attitudes and values they often adopt.
the group that a person belongs to and identifies with
any group that a person does not belong to or identify with
the web of relationships that is formed by the sum total of a person's interactions with other people.
is the way society uses technology to provide for the needs of its members
division of labor
the specialization by individuals or groups in the performance of specific economic activities
pre industrial society
Type of society in which food production is carried out through the use of human and animal labor
type of society in which the mechanized production of goods is the main economic activity.
type of society in which the economic activity centers on the production of information and the provision of services.
hunting and gathering society
type pf society in which the main form of subsistence is the daily collection of wild plants and animals
members rely on the domesticated herd animals to meet the build of their dietary needs.
vegetables grown in garden plots provide the main source of food; use the slash and burn method
draft animals and plows are used in the tilling of the field
the close knit relationships that result when a small group of people share the same values and perform the same tasks
is the impersonal social relationships that arise with increased job specialization
German word for community; refers to relationships center on the family and community.
German word for society; refers to social relationships based on need rather than on emotion;
is a state of balance between cooperation and conflict.
belief that people are motivated by self-interest in their interactions with others
the idea that if you do something for someone, they owe you something in return
a ranked authority structure that operates according to specific rules and procedures.
refers to the process by which every feature of human behavior becomes subject to calculation, measurement, and control.
sociologist who developed a model of bureaucracies
a nonprofit association formed to pursue some common interest.
iron law of oligarchy
the tendency of organizations to become increasingly dominated by a small group of people.
occurs when two or more persons or groups work together to achieve a goal that will benefit many people.
deliberate attempt to control by force, oppose, harm or resist the will of another person.
the practice of exchanging one good for another
states that works expands to fill the time available for its completion.
sociologists who idenitifed four sources of conflict:wars, conflict within groups, legal disputes and clashes over ideology.
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