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Citizen Bee: People
Terms in this set (82)
Illinois senator who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed new territories to choose their own position on slavery; debated Abraham Lincoln on slavery issues in 1858
Famous American politician and orator. he advocated renewal and opposed the financial policy of Jackson. Many of the principles of finance he spoke about were later incorporated in the Federal Reserve System. Would later push for a strong union.
born in Chile was the first Hispanic-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in the assault of Fort Fisher.
First African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor
President of the Confederate States of America
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Daughters of a South Carolina slaveholder that were antislavery. Controversial because they spoke to audiences of both men and women at a time when it was thought indelicate to address male audiences. Women´s rights advocates as well.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate general whose men stopped Union assault during the Battle of Bull Run
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Hiram Rhodes Revels
was the 1st African American to serve in congress, took over Jefferson Davis' Senate seat.
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
The Wright Brothers
First to achieve a sustained, controlled flight in a powered airplane
Leader of the new provincial government in Hawaii as a republic.
Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr
supported American expansion as a way to increase national pride, spread civilization, and gain world power
Alfred Thayer Mahan
a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a class of destroyers. His research into naval History led to his most important work, The Influence of Seapower Upon History,1660-1783, published in 1890
-Youngest to ever be president
-won congressional metal of honor for WW1
-was in battle of argonne forest
Carrie Chapman Catt
-A suffragette who was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association
-founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance.
- passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
Ida B. Wells
-co founder of NAACP
-wrote about lynching
-journalist, newspaper editor
lawyer,leading member of american civil liberties union, advocate for georgist economic reform
Head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination.
formed first aeroplane company on Nov 1907 without actually ever flying himself until 1908
Aerial Experiential Association
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago.
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, etc...
General John J. Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force in WWI
Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
Warren G. Harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
African American who later received the congressional medal of honor
American general who led the ground forces at D Day
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy
Allied Commander of the Third Army. Was instrumental in winning the Battle of the Bulge.
US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate
Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
The Navajo Code Talkers
sent messages in their native language in the Pacific front
The Flying Tigers
American pilots who volunteered to fight for China
The Tuskegee Airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes.
Awarded the Medal of Honor for saving fellow soldiers in Vietnam War
John F. Kennedy
President of the US during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Justice who argued the First Amendment protects all publications, even wholly obscene ones.
-Organized Union Farm Workers (UFW)
-help migratory farm workers gain better pay & working conditions
Arkansas governor who called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Little Rock's Central High School under federal court order.
1921-2006. American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique".
Hector P. Garcia
-founded the American GI Forum to help minority veterans obtain the same benefits other veterans recieved
-first mexican to recieve american medal of freedom
Republican candidate for President in 1964 against Lyndon b Johnson, and initial leader of the conservative movement
Governor of Arkansas
First Lady of US
First former First Lady to serve as US senator
Very close to being first female president
Served as Secretary of State
created Microsoft; one of the wealthiest Americans; company produced operating software for most personal computers
Gives lots of charity
An Evangelist fundamentalism preacher who gained a wide following in the 1950s with his appearances across the country and overseas during and after the war. awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
The founder of Black Entertainment Television (BET).
He was the first African American billionaire
One of the wealthiest self-made women in America, child of immigrants. Entrepreneur who built her cosmetics empire on the dream of every woman
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States
Resigned due to probable impeachment
2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
first elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984.
He served as governor of California from 1966-1974
Anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family
founded the largest Hispanic advertising agency in the United States.
First Hispanic Supreme Court Justice
the most successful discount retailer and the founder of Wal-Mart
She is one of the world's wealthiest women and entertainers. She greatly impacted President Obama's campaign with her endorsement.
taught farmworkers how to become citizens and how to vote; earned more money to buy food and clothing for them; worked with Cesar Chavez to form the National Farm Workers Association
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th U.S. President. 1963-1969. Democratic
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
This racist restaurant owner closed his restaurant rather than integrate. He eventually became governor and hired more blacks to office than all prior governors combined.
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order, loses to Nixon; runs in 1972 but gets shot
The Black Panthers
A black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. The organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest.
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached
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