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Gordon Allport

STUDY
PLAY
Personality
The dynamic organization within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought
Allport Argues That
We possess the positive innate potential to outgrow our self-centered beginnings.
Drive Reduction
Not an important cause of adult behavior
Motives of children and adults
Differ significantly in kind, rather than merely in degree
Adult motives are relatively
Independent of biological drives, differ from individual to individual, and often maintain or even increase levels of tension in order to achieve relatively distant goals.
Common Traits
Those aspects if personality in respect to which most people within a given culture can be profitably compared.
Functional Autonomy
Adult motives differ from their childhood counterparts
Personal Disposition
Determines each person's unique style or behavior
Proprium
The unifying core of personality; organized around those matters that are more personal and important.
Value
A unifying philosophy that gives meaning to one's life.
The Sense of Bodily Self
Distinguishes between self and others
The Sense of Continuing Self-Identity
A feeling of inner sameness and continuity as an important aspect of personality
The Self-Esteem
The need to express autonomy; ego-enhancement
The Self Extension
The developing concept of "mine"
The Self Image
Good me - Bad me
The Self as a Rational Coper
The proprium to relate inner needs to outer reality,
Propriate Striving
Form the intentions and goals that give purpose to one's life
The Self as Knower
Observes other seven functions and the conscious aspects of personality.
Moral sense
Is not innate. Child introjects parental standards of right and wrong
Theoretical Value
Intellectual desire to discover the truth and organize one's knowledge
Economic Value
A businesslike concern with the useful and practical
Esthetic Value
An emphasis on the enjoyment of form, beauty, and the artistic
Social Value
A concern for and love of other people
Political Value
A love of power
Religious Value
A mystical desire for unity with some higher reality
Religion
Important during the third decade of life and fortifies us against anxiety and despair
Prejudice
Internal hroups are superior and desirable and external groups are inferior and hateful
Personality Test Measurement
A Study of Values - A S Reaction Study
Letters from Jenny
Shows how quantitative psychological research can be conducted with a single case
Cardinal Personal Dispositions
Influence most behavior; cannot be hidden from others; the most general
Central Personal Dispositions
People have 5 - 10 characteristics which their lives revolve around
Secondary Personal Dispositions
Less influential; personal likes and preferences; a great number
Criteria for Maturity
Unifying philosophy; self extension; compassionate and loving relationships; emotional security and self acceptance; realistic orientation; accurate self insight
Healthy Individuals
Primarily conscious and functionally autonomous
Unhealthy Individuals
Neurotic of Psychotic