60 terms

Unit 10-12

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

abstemious
(adj.) moderate, sparing; characterized by abstinence and self-dicipline.
S: temperate, sober, moderate A: indulgent, immoderate, intemperate
censurable
(adj.) deserving of blame or correction.
S: blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible A:commendable, laudable, meritorious
contingent
(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions; happening by chance; (n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body.
S: conditional, dependent, a detachment A:independent of, unconnected with, certain
corroborate
(v.) to confirm, make more certain, blster, substantiate, verify.
A: refute, contradict, undermine, discredit
denizen
(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place.
S: resident, dweller, habitue A: alien, outsider, stranger, foreigner
discursive
(adj.) passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic.
S: digressive, diffuse, wandering, episodic A:short and to the point, succinct
disseminate
(v.) to scatter or spread widely.
S: disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate A: bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide
dowdy
(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste.
S: frumpy, tacky, frowsy, drab A: chic, stylish, elegant, fashionable
florid
(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy
S: flushed, ruddy, flowery, frilly, flamboyant A:ashen, pale, pallid, sallow, austere, stark
foist
(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion.
S: pass off, palm off, fob off
gauche
(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy.
S: inept, uncouth, maladroit; A: adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic
heresy
(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred.
S: unorthodox, belief, heterodoxy; A: orthodoxy
inculcate
(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly.
S: instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue; A: efface, extirpate, root out
palpable
(adj.) capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized.
S: tangible, plain, obvious, manifest; A: intangible, insubstantial, incorporeal
perceptive
(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation.
S: insightful, discerning, observant; A: dense, thick, obtuse, dim-witted
pernicious
(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal.
S: injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious; A:harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious
salient
(adj.) leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out conspicuous; (n.) a projection or buldge, a land form that projects upward or outward.
S: striking, notable, protrusive, obvious; A:inconspicuous, recessive
sear
(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling; to patch, dessicate, singe.
S: to wither, char, scorch, parch, dessicate, singe
specious
(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit.
S: deceptively plausible, sophistic, casuistic; A: valid, sound, solid, genuine
satiate
(v.) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess; (adj.) full, satisfied.
S: gratify, cloy, surfeit, gorge; A: starve, deprive entirely of
Accrue
(v.) to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result
S: collect, accumulate, proceed from;
A: dwindle, decrease, diminish, lessen
Annotation
(n.) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
S: comment, explanatory note
Bedlam
(n.) a state or scene of uproar and confusion
S: commotion, pandemonium, chaos, anarchy
A: peace and quiet, order, tranquility
Covert
(adj.) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered, secluded; (n.) a sheltering place, a hiding place
S: undercover, clandestine, sub-rosa;
A: open, overt, undiguised
Debonair
(adj.) pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished in manner and appearance
S: carefree, jaunty, gracious, suave, urbane;
A:distraught, agitated, boorish, churlish
Dun
(v.) to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt; (n.) a creditor; (adj.) dark, dull, drab, dingy
S: hound, pester, harass, nag
Efficacious
(adj.) effective, producing results
S: effectual, efficient, potent, powerful;
A:ineffective, worthless, useless
Equanimity
(n.) calmness, composure, refusal to panic
S: tranquility, imperturability;
A: excitability, flappability, agitation
Fortuitous
(adj.) accidental, occurring by a happy chance
S: unintentional, unplanned, random, lucky;
A: intentional deliberate, premeditated
Gist
(n.) the essential part, main point, or essence
S: substance, core, nucleus
Gratuitous
(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
S: voluntary, unjustified, uncalled-for;
A: justified, warranted
Imperious
(adj.) overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compelling
S: domineering, magisterial, urgent, imperative;
A: fawning, obsequious, humble, unassuming
Invective
(n.) a strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language; (adj.) abusive, vituperative
S: vituperation, abuse, diatribe, philippic;
A: tribute, panegyric, encomium
Motley
(adj.) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors; (n.) a jester's costume; a jester
S: variegated, heterogeneous, diverse, fool;
A: uniform, homogenous, monochromatic
Munificent
(adj.) extremely generous, lavish
S: bounteous, liberal;
A: stingy, miserly, tightfisted, parsimonious
Procrastinate
(v.) to delay, put off until later
S: stall, temporize, dillydally
a:get it done early/ ahead of time
Provocative
(adj.) tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing a strong desire or appetite; irritating, annoying
S: stimulating, arousing, vexing, galling;
A: dull, insipid, bland, unstimulating
Recondite
(adj.) exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding
S: esoteric, arcane, profound, abstruse;
A: simple, uncomplicated
Reprobate
(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled; (v.) to disapprove of, condemn
S: scoundrel, blackgaurd, immoral, corrupt;
A: saint, upright, virtuous, moral
Sedentary
(adj.) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
S: seated, stationary, static;
A:active, peripatetic, migratory
absolve
(v.) to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt
S: acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse, pardon A: condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate
caricature
(n.) a representation (especially in drawing) in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; (v.) to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way
S: cartoon, burlesque, parody, lampoon
clangor
(n.) a loud ringing sound; (v.) to make a loud ringing noise
S: din, clamor, uproar; A: silence, stillness, peace and quiet
contiguous
(adj.) side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time
S: adjoining, abutting, next door to; A: detached, apart, distant, remote
cupidity
(n.) an eager desire for something; greed
S: avarice, rapacity, craving, lust; A: generosity, contentment, satiation, gratification
deleterious
(adj.) harmful, injurious
S: detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging; A: helpful, beneficial, harmless, innocuous
enhance
(v.) to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of
S: improve, magnify, heighten, elevate; A: diminish, reduce, lessen, degrade
enthrall
(v.) to captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison
S: fascinate, enchant, attract, bewitch; A: bore to tears, repel, put someone off
extenuate
(v.) to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
S: moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay; A: intensify, aggravate, worsen, exacerbate
implicit
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in
S: inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional; A: explicit, expressed, stated, revealed
incisive
(adj.) sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
S: acute, cutting, perceptive, trenchant
ostentatious
(adj.) marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
S: flashy, overdone, affected, flamboyant; A: modest, plain, simple, demure, retiring
paragon
(n.) a model of excellence or perfection
S: exemplar, ideal, paradigm, model, good example
paraphrase
(v.) to restate in other words (n.) a statement that presents a given idea in new language
S: reword, rephrase, a rendition, version; A: repeat verbatim, duplicate, quote
politic
(adj.) prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient
S: tactful, diplomatic, judicious, circumspect: A:unwise, injudicious, imprudent, rash
prosaic
(adj.) dull, lacking in distinction and originality; matter-of-fact, straightforward; characteristic of prose, not poetic
S: commonplace, humdrum, literal, pedestrian: A:remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired
redundant
(adj.) extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive; profuse, lush
S: unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix; A:succinct; terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate
sanctimonious
(adj.) making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou
A: heartfelt, sincere, humble
scintillating
(adj., part.) sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities)
S: stimulating, lively, glittering, flashing; A: dull, boring, insipid, flat, tame, vapid
winsome
(adj.) charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence)
S: winning, engaging, delightful, prepossessing; A:unattractive, unappealing, repulsive