29 terms

Am History - Chapter 7 Test Review

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Lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
Triple Alliance (Central Powers)
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Triple Entente (Allies)
Great Britain, France, Russia, later US
Event that started WWI
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Zimmerman Telegram
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
War Industries Board (WIB)
created by Wilson to oversee the production and distribution of goods made by the country's war industries
Victory Gardens
Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Committee on Public Information (CPI)
government agency created during World War I to encourage Americans to support the war
Espionage and Sedition Acts
two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
roles of women in World War 1
clerical needs, radio operators, electricians, pharmacists, photographers
Taxes and bonds
the way the United States funded World War 1
Navy
first branch of the military to enlist women
New Technology of WWI
machine guns, armored tanks, planes, poison gas, gas masks, airplanes
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution - seized power in 1917
Trench Warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
Bolshevik Revolution
The overthrow of Russia's Provisional Government in the fall of 1917 by Lenin and his Bolshevik forces,
Western Front of WWI - boundary
France and Germany
Red Scare (1919-1920)
Fear among many Americans after World War I of Communists in particular and noncitizens in general, a reaction to the Russian Revolution, mail bombs, strikes, and riots.
cost of living
The average cost of basic necessities, such as housing and food
Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
Governor of Massachusetts during the Boston Police Strike -agreeing all men who went on strike should be fired - led to a Vice President candidate in 1920
Boston
Police Strike - 75% of the police force went on strike
Seattle
35,000 Shipyard workers strike
Chicago
racial tension - whites and blacks - lead to 38 people killed in July 1919
Cleveland
parade protesting jailing of Eugene Debs turned into a series of riots - 2 killed, 40 injured
Palmer Raids
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
Election of 1920: candidates, issues
Republican, Warren G. Harding, with V.P. running mate Coolidge, beat Democrat, Governor James Cox, with V.P. running mate, FDR. The issues were WW I, the post-war economy and the League of Nations.