Terms in this set (17)
Czar Alexander II
ruler of Russia who freed serfs (peasants) after losing the Crimean War in 1861. He made education available to more peasants, and relaxed rules against criticizing the government.
Czar Nicholas II
Last Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed with his family by Bolsheviks after October Revolution (1917)
The Russian parliament (advisers and lawmakers), after the revolution of 1905
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924).
A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
Local Russian councils composed of representatives from of workers, peasants, and soldiers.
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed by law to all citizens
Prompted by labor unrest, personal liberties, and elected representatives, this political revolution occurred in 1917 when Czar Nicholas II was murdered and Vladimir Lenin sought control to implement his ideas of socialism.
a period of political repression and mass killings carried out by Bolsheviks after the beginning of the Russian Civil War in 1918
A system introduced under Bolshevik rule after 1917 which involved land being seized and redistributed, factories given to the workers, banks being nationalized, and church property being granted to the state. This was enforced by the Cheka (secret police).
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in February* 1917
The revolution in October* 1917 in Russia that overthrew the provisional government and brought the Bolsheviks to power.
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
a government-less society in which all property is commonly shared and each person works and gives according to their abilities and needs.
A person who starts up and takes on the risk of a business
the middle class, including merchants, industrialists, and professional people
the exploited "working class", the majority of workers who do not own the means of production
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