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migration westward

dark ages

breakup of roman culture

what does the church decide the proper language for it is?



devoted religious people withdrew from society


exercise and practice faith; do what you're supposed to do

what did anthony do?

call for total devotion to prayer


anthony's views were too extreme so he brought monastic ideas to france

benedict of narsia

established monastery at Monte Cassino and wrote monastic system for monks


all monks have some job

lectio divinia

monks must read, ponder, and interpret readings

monastic theology

insight is gained through reflection of reading

opus dei

community prays together, the most important part of the day

liturgy of the hours

formal pattern of prayers at certain times of day; 8 times

bede the venerable

best western theologian, part of intellectual renaissance

benet bishop

founder of many north umbrian monasteries, considers library center of knowledge

ecclesiastical history of england

england reconverting to christianity

alcuin of york

called by charlemagne to set up schools; creates 7 liberal arts


theological method of thinking

st. anselm

looked for monastic life, joined beck monastary, tutored by lanfranc


archbishop, anselm becomes archbishop when he dies


anselm writes theological basics

fides quereus intellectam

faith seeks intellect


quad erat demonstondum; logically demonstrates the existence of god is rational; god is that being of which none greater may be concieved, an entity may be said to exist in 2 possible ways (subjectively and objectively)

peter lombard

theologian writes a textbook

peter abelard

philosophical theologian, sic et nom


aristotle characterizes everything

what is the relation between the franciscans and st. francis?

the franciscans trace themselves to st. francis


name of franciscans, ordo fratrum minorum

apostolic authority

help those is in poverty by living like them

what is the relation between dominicans and dominique?

the dominicans trace themselves to dominique

what one institution made it through the dark ages unscathed?

the church


benedict makes this monastery; it could work anywhere


in the imagination of another (existence can take place on two levels, after you stop thinking about it it goes away)


in the real order (that which exists objectively is a superior mode of being than the purely subjective)

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